Literature

Psilocybin Mushrooms of the World Pt. 1 Types of Magic Mushrooms

Today, there is a growth in the popularity of mushrooms. This is both in the gourmet and medicine market. Many people have identified with the usage of shrooms. This can be recreational, religious, cultural, or medicinal purposes. But, whether you’re new or not in shrooms, it could often get confusing. Due to its similar features to poisonous ones, they get picked by mistake.

Understandably, some people are uneasy about foraging psilocybin mushrooms. So, we are giving the world an identification guide of sorts. This can help you learn more about the different psychedelic mushrooms out there. We’ve compiled all the related mushrooms of the world and put in some bits of info about them. That way, you can find what interests you and learn more about them. So, read on to discover more!

General

Psilocybin mushrooms are mushrooms that contain psilocybin, psilocin, baeocystin, and nor baeocystin. All of these are hallucinogenic substances. Despite being banned, these are still being foraged for spiritual and recreational use. Psilocybin mushrooms are found under the genus Psilocybe. But, psychedelic mushrooms can also be found in species from other genera. Here are the general Psilocybin Mushrooms of the World types you can find: 

  • Conocybe
  • Copelandia
  • Galerina
  • Gymnopilus
  • Inocybe
  • Panaeolus
  • Pholiotina
  • Pluteus
  • Psilocybe

 Conocybe

Conocybe is a genus of mushrooms. This includes the type species, Conocybe tenera, as well as at least 243 more species. In North America, there are at least 50 distinct species. The majority have a delicate, long, thin stem. This grows in grasslands on dead moss, dead grass, dunes, rotting wood, and manure.

 

Conocybe cyanopus

Conocybe cyanopus on the ground

Pholiotina cyanopus is a fungus. This shroom contains psychedelic chemicals, including psilocybin and the rare aeruginascin. A study about molecular phylogenetics was published in its group back in 2013. It states that it belongs to a group of Pholiotina species. This is more connected to Galeralla nigeriensis than to Pholiotina or Conocybe. It’s a little saprotrophic mushroom with a smooth conic to a broad, convex crown. Its color is from ocher to cinnamon brown. The edge is striate, often with fibrous remnants of the partial veil, and it’s usually less than 25 mm broad. The gills are tight and adnate. It has a cinnamon brown tint and whitish edges towards the margin that darkens with age.

Conocybe siligineoides

Conocybe siligineoides is a macro fungus belonging to the Bolbitiaceae family. A few mycologists have only seen it, and all specimens have been collected in Mexico. Other members of the same genus are confirmed to have psilocybin in them. This then can cause powerful hallucinations. But, no chemical investigations are being conducted on this species. Initially, these are regarded as sacred mushrooms. They’re crushed, dried, and used in tea, as well as eaten fresh.

Conocybe kuehneriana Singer

Conocybe velutipes belong to the Bolbitiaceae family of mushrooms. The hallucinogenic chemicals psilocybin and psilocin are found in it.

Copelandia

copleandia cyanescens in a cow dung
Image Source: Reddit

Copelandia is a mushroom genus with at least 12 species. These species are currently considered extinct. Many American mycologists classified the Panaeolus genus that stains blue as Copelandia. But, European mycologists referred to the genus as Panaeolus. So, all mushrooms before being classified as Copelandia have now been reclassified as Panaeolus. 

  •  Copelandia affinis
  • Copelandia anomala
  • Copelandia bispora
  • Copelandia cambodginiensis
  • Copelandia chlorocystis
  • Copelandia cyanescens
  • Copelandia lentisporus
  • Copelandia tirunelveliensis
  • Copelandia tropica
  • Copelandia tropicalis
  • Copelandia westii

 

galerina mushrooms under a tree trunk

Galerina

Galerina is a genus of microscopic brown-spore saprobic mushrooms. It is found worldwide, from the far north to distant Macquarie Island in the Southern Ocean. It has over 300 species. Small and hygrophanous, with a slender and brittle stem, these species are common. It’s worth noting several of the Galerina mushrooms are poisonous.

Galerina steglichii

Galerina steglichii is a mushroom species discovered in 1993. This was named after Wolfgang Steglich and was described by Besl. Galerina steglichii belongs to the Galerina genus and the Strophariaceae family. It does not have any subspecies. Psilocybin is present in the mushroom.

 

Gymnopilus

Gymnopilus is a genus of gilled mushrooms in the Strophariaceae family. It comprises roughly 200 rusty-orange spored mushroom species. This was previously separated between Pholiota and the extinct genus Flammula. 

a handful of Gymnopilus mushrooms on the ground
  • Gymnopilus aeruginosus
  • Gymnopilus braendlei
  • Gymnopilus cyanopalmicola
  • Gymnopilus dilepis
  • Gymnopilus dunensis
  • Gymnopilus intermedius
  • Gymnopilus lateritius
  • Gymnopilus luteofolius
  • Gymnopilus luteoviridis
  • Gymnopilus luteus
  • Gymnopilus palmicola
  • Gymnopilus purpuratus
  • Gymnopilus subpurpuratus
  • Gymnopilus subspectabilis
  • Gymnopilus validipes
  • Gymnopilus viridans

 

Inocybe

inocybe mushrooms on the ground

Inocybe is a vast genus of mushroom-forming fungi. This includes over 1400 species in diverse shapes and sizes. The caps of these mushrooms are small and cone-shaped, flattening as they mature. It’s also known as fiber caps because of its fibrous appearance. Inocybe members grow in symbiosis with plants. Research suggests that the genus’ high level of diversification is related to adaptation. This is in connection to diverse trees and even local habitats. They can be found in the northern hemisphere. 

  • Inocybe aeruginascens
  • Inocybe caerulata
  • Inocybe coelestium
  • Inocybe corydalina
  • Inocybe haemacta
  • Inocybe tricolor

Panaeolus

Panaeolus is a genus of saprotrophic agarics with tiny black-spored seeds. The name Panaeolus comes from the Greek word panaeolus. This means “all variegated,” referring to its speckled gills. They can be found in North America and Europe, mainly growing from dung or in grasslands.

a Panaeolus mushroom on the ground
  • Panaeolus affinis
  • Panaeolus africanus
  • Panaeolus axfordii
  • Panaeolus bisporus
  • Panaeolus cambodginiensis
  • Panaeolus castaneifolius
  • Panaeolus chlorocystis
  • Panaeolus cinctulus
  • Panaeolus cyanescens
  • Panaeolus fimicola
  • Panaeolus lentisporus
  • Panaeolus microsporus
  • Panaeolus moellerianus
  • Panaeolus olivaceus
  • Panaeolus rubricaulis
  • Panaeolus tirunelveliensis
  • Panaeolus tropicalis
  • Panaeolus venezolanus
Pholiotina mushrooms in the forest

Pholiotina

Pholiotina is a small agaric fungus genus. In 1889, a Swiss mycologist named Victor Fayod defined it as a Conocybe-like species. He also said that it has partial veils on it. Since then, the genus has been enlarged to encompass species with only partial veils.

  • Pholiotina cyanopus
  • Pholiotina smithii

Pluteus

Pluteus is an extensive fungus genus that contains around 300 species. They’re saprobes that rot the wood. It also has a spore print that ranges from pink to pinkish-brown in color. Whereas other mushrooms have gills that attach to their stems, the Pluteus’ gills do not. Pluteus is a Latin word that means “shed” or “penthouse.” These shrooms can be found all over the world, most in North America.  

pluteus mushroom on the forest ground
  • Pluteus albostipitatus
  • Pluteus americanus
  • Pluteus cyanopus
  • Pluteus glaucus
  • Pluteus glaucotinctus
  • Pluteus nigroviridis
  • Pluteus phaeocyanopus
  • Pluteus salicinus
  • Pluteus saupei
  • Pluteus velutinornatus
  • Pluteus villosus

 

Psilocybe

Psilocybe is a genus of gilled mushrooms found all over the world. They belong to the Hymenogastraceae family. They’re described to be small brown mushrooms with brown to yellowish-brown colored caps. As for their spore prints, they are known to range from dark purple to brownish. Psilocybin, psilocin, and baeocystin are chemicals found in almost all Psilocybe mushroom species.

Psilocybin Mushroom
  • Psilocybe acutipilea
  • Psilocybe allenii
  • Psilocybe alutacea
  • Psilocybe angulospora
  • Psilocybe antioquiensis
  • Psilocybe araucariicola
  • Psilocybe atlantis
  • Psilocybe aquamarina
  • Psilocybe armandii
  • Psilocybe aucklandiae
  • Psilocybe aztecorum
  • Psilocybe azurescens
  • Psilocybe baeocystis
  • Psilocybe banderillensis
  • Psilocybe bispora
  • Psilocybe brasiliensis
  • Psilocybe brunneocystidiata
  • Psilocybe caeruleoannulata
  • Psilocybe caerulescens
  • Psilocybe caerulipes
  • Psilocybe callosa
  • Psilocybe carbonaria
  • Psilocybe caribaea
  • Psilocybe chuxiongensis
  • Psilocybe collybioides
  • Psilocybe columbiana
  • Psilocybe congolensis
  • Psilocybe cordispora
  • Psilocybe cubensis
  • Psilocybe cyanescens
  • Psilocybe cyanofibrillosa
  • Psilocybe dumontii
  • Psilocybe egonii
  • Psilocybe eximia
  • Psilocybe fagicola
  • Psilocybe farinacea
  • Psilocybe fimetaria
  • Psilocybe fuliginosa
  • Psilocybe furtadoana
  • Psilocybe galindii
  • Psilocybe gallaeciae
  • Psilocybe graveolens
  • Psilocybe guatapensis
  • Psilocybe guilartensis
  • Psilocybe heimii
  • Psilocybe herrerae
  • Psilocybe hispanica
  • Psilocybe hoogshagenii
  • Psilocybe hopii
  • Psilocybe inconspicua
  • Psilocybe indica
  • Psilocybe isabelae
  • Psilocybe jacobsii
  • Psilocybe jaliscana
  • Psilocybe kumaenorum
  • Psilocybe laurae
  • Psilocybe lazoi
  • Psilocybe liniformans
  • Psilocybe mairei
  • Psilocybe makarorae
  • Psilocybe mammillata
  • Psilocybe medullosa
  • Psilocybe meridensis
  • Psilocybe meridionalis
  • Psilocybe mescaleroensis
  • Psilocybe mexicana
  • Psilocybe moseri
  • Psilocybe muliercula
  • Psilocybe naematoliformis
  • Psilocybe natalensis
  • Psilocybe natarajanii
  • Psilocybe neorhombispora
  • Psilocybe neoxalapensis
  • Psilocybe ovoideocystidiata
  • Psilocybe papuana
  • Psilocybe paulensis
  • Psilocybe pelliculosa
  • Psilocybe pintonii
  • Psilocybe pleurocystidiosa
  • Psilocybe plutonia
  • Psilocybe portoricensis
  • Psilocybe pseudoaztecorum
  • Psilocybe puberula
  • Psilocybe quebecensis
  • Psilocybe rickii
  • Psilocybe rostrata
  • Psilocybe rzedowskii
  • Psilocybe samuiensis
  • Psilocybe schultesii
  • Psilocybe semilanceata
  • Psilocybe septentrionalis
  • Psilocybe serbica
  • Psilocybe sierrae
  • Psilocybe silvatica
  • Psilocybe singeri
  • Psilocybe strictipes
  • Psilocybe stuntzii
  • Psilocybe subacutipilea
  • Psilocybe subaeruginascens
  • Psilocybe subaeruginosa
  • Psilocybe subbrunneocystidiata
  • Psilocybe subcaerulipes
  • Psilocybe subcubensis
  • Psilocybe subpsilocybioides
  • Psilocybe subtropicalis
  • Psilocybe tampanensis
  • Psilocybe thaicordispora
  • Psilocybe thaiaerugineomaculans
  • Psilocybe thaiduplicatocystidiata
  • Psilocybe uruguayensis
  • Psilocybe uxpanapensis
  • Psilocybe venenata
  • Psilocybe villarrealiae
  • Psilocybe wassoniorum
  • Psilocybe weilii
  • Psilocybe weldenii
  • Psilocybe weraroa
  • Psilocybe wrightii
  • Psilocybe xalapensis
  • Psilocybe yungensis
  • Psilocybe zapotecorum
  • Psilocybe zapotecoantillarum
  • Psilocybe zapotecocaribaea
  • Psilocybe zapotecorum
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