Literature

For us to be more familiar with Magic Mushrooms, it is best that we learn its etymology, jargon, history, and even origin.

  • The Stigma: Why Are Shrooms Illegal?

    When you mention magic mushrooms to people, you’ll most likely get a mix of reactions. To those who aren’t familiar, they’ll probably associate it with a dangerous drug. So, they’ll see it as a substance that people should avoid because it’s outright wrong.

    But if you talk about shrooms, you’ll get an entirely different reaction. This is with someone more familiar with magic mushrooms. People who know a little more about the mushrooms will talk about how it’s not as bad as it’s made out to be. Some mig+ht say it’s a mind-expanding substance. Others would even go on to say that it’s medicine.

    The topic of magic mushrooms can be a somewhat polarizing one. One side says no good can come from it, and another says the complete opposite. The people who believe that shrooms are good could even be considered “hippies.” Unfortunately, even the term “hippie” is already viewed in such a negative light.

    When you talk about magic mushrooms, a certain stigma always comes along with the topic. Magic mushrooms have always been associated with something evil and dangerous. This happened for the longest time. At present, it’s seen as something illegal, which may explain the stigma.

    If you take some time to think about it, you might find yourself wondering a few things too. Why is there a stigma associated with shrooms? Does it even deserve the stigma it’s associated with? Why are magic mushrooms illegal in the first place? These are some questions you might have. Unfortunately, the answer to that isn’t as simple as you’d expect.

    The whole reason that made shrooms illegal became more than a public health concern. This even if it is well-intentioned. The entire story ended up getting peppered with political motives. Some might not even make sense at all. As you’re about to learn, this whole stigma against shrooms may not even be necessary in the first place.

    What is Psilocybin Mushroom?

    It is essential to understand what shrooms are in the first place. This is before we can answer the question, “why are shrooms illegal?”

    Psilocybin mushrooms are named after their main ingredient, psilocybin. This substance is found in many different psychedelic mushrooms. Psilocybin handles the psychoactive properties of these mushrooms.

    Psilocybin is commonly known to cause the psychedelic effects of shrooms. On the other hand, psilocybin’s metabolite causes its effects. When consumed, psilocybin becomes psilocin, and it’s psilocin that affects the brain.

    magic mushrooms in a container

    Psilocybin mushrooms are a broad classification of psychedelic mushrooms. Shrooms have over a hundred species under them. These mushrooms can be found in the wild or can even be grown at home, as this mushroom grows relatively quickly. Psilocybe cubensis is an example of many Psilocybin shrooms. This is one of the most common and popular varieties in the shroom world.

    Psychedelic mushrooms are usually prepared for consumption after they’ve been harvested. This is both for wild and homegrown ones. Consuming shrooms depends on the preference of people. Some consume it fresh. Others opt to have it dried first before they eat it. There are other consumption methods or techniques. This includes making them into teas while others crush them into a powdered form. This powdered form can be made as pills and tablets or added to food.

    These mushrooms have been around for over a thousand years. Ancient peoples had entire cultures revolving around shrooms’ use. Today, people are still consuming them for spiritual and recreational purposes. This is even if they are illegal in several places. They’ve also been studied as an alternative form of medical treatment.

     

    Why is Psilocybin Illegal?

    Shrooms are still considered illegal in several places worldwide. This is despite the fact that magic mushrooms are still around today.

    The story of how magic mushrooms become illegal starts in 1971. Psychedelic substances were deemed unlawful during the Convention on Psychotropic Substances. The United Nations hosted this, and they included psilocybin in the list. The reason was that people were prone to abuse them. Mostly this is due to their psychedelic properties. As a result, the UN drafted a treaty that over 180 countries supported.

    Since the UN didn’t have the resources, this was left to the discretion of every supporting country.

    drug law book with pair of eyeglasses on top

    Before the worldwide ban in 1971, the US already outlawed these substances in 1968. This was known as the Staggers-Dodd bill—this amendment to the Food, Drug, and Narcotics act. The Staggers-Dodd bill classified several substances as Schedule 1. In the ban, possession of substances was effectively imposed. This includes psilocybin and psilocin.

    At the time, substances such as LSD and psilocybin were prominently used, a lot of them carelessly. The administration at the time saw this as a problem. Substance abuse would be a possibility if people weren’t careful. As a response, this bill was passed to help combat this possibility.

    Substances such as psychedelics eventually became classified as Schedule 1 substances. This meant that these substances had a high potential for abuse. It also stated that these substances did not have any approved medical benefit.

    However, an ongoing body of research at the time may have shown otherwise. Scientists have been looking to understand the substance better. For example, LSD was seen to be beneficial in treating alcohol addiction. Psilocybin also had its fair share of studies. The research wanted to explore why ancient people used these substances as these substances were used for spiritual and medicinal purposes.

    Indeed there were some benefits with psilocybin use. This was backed by scientists’ and researchers’ bodies of knowledge. These psychedelic mushrooms showed potential in treating mental conditions. These conditions include alcoholism, depression, and schizophrenia.

    Unfortunately, this was put to stop. This was due to the Staggers-Dodd bill and the 1971 UN treaty. This eventually led to the infamously known “war on drugs.” This then became controversial for several reasons. To this day, people still debate the motivation behind banning shrooms. Whether this was for public health or political reasons. But, whatever the reason, it left a lasting effect.

    Among the many consequences the war on drugs had, it helped build a stigma. The stigma was that certain substances had no business being used by people. An example is that psychedelic shrooms had no benefit. It was also said that people like “hippies just use it.” As time passed by, the stigma persisted and grew. This is despite its use for spiritual reasons. Even if backed with research pointing out its benefits.

    Current Issues Regarding Psilocybin Mushrooms

    Several things help add to the persisting stigma that accompanies magic mushrooms. First, people believe that shrooms are bad. People think that these can be abused and be addicting. This is similar to other illicit substances. Its classification as a Schedule 1 substance more or less supports this claim.

    Naturally, people make reservations about magic mushrooms. However, is there truth to these claims? Or is it just a result of a lack of understanding of these substances? Studies will point out that there’s more you need to know about it first.

    Psilocybin Mushroom Addiction

    One issue people have with psilocybin would be that it can be an addictive substance. But as for the degree of its addiction, research and anecdotal evidence may point out that it is rare.

    Psilocybin can cause an intense experience, also known as a trip when consumed. Mushroom trips can be very stressful as they are mentally and physically strenuous. These trips can leave people very exhausted. It can also cause people to space them out or limit how frequently they go on trips.

    Aside from trip intensity, it’s highly unlikely that psilocybin is addictive. This is because of how one can quickly establish tolerance to it. As people build a tolerance to shrooms, they may require higher dosages to feel its effects. However, after a certain period, psilocybin loses its effects on the brain. So in a sense, you feel it less and less the more you consecutively take it.

    If it does become addictive to a person, this may be due to an underlying psychological problem. Substance dependence and abuse disorders are some examples.

    Psilocybin Mushroom Withdrawal

    nauseous man

    With addiction, there is also a concern of having withdrawal after long-term use. Withdrawal may also be attributed to underlying psychological problems.

    Magic mushrooms can have many side effects on people when consumed. These can be pupil dilation, increased heart rate and blood pressure, and nausea. But, these are all observed side-effects during the consumption of the substance.

    Side effects can also be associated with a psychological disorder. Substance abuse and dependence disorders can be the main symptoms of withdrawal.

    Dependence on psilocybin may leave some having a hard time living with reality. As a result, this will lead them to continue to use psilocybin to help with that. However, this could still be attributed to dependence rather than withdrawal.

    Another symptom associated with withdrawal is Hallucinogenic Persistent Perception Disorder. As the name suggests, this is due to perceptual changes. These are also known as flashbacks. This then persists even after the drug is no longer present in the body. But, this may be more of a rare side effect than withdrawal.

    Whatever the case may be, withdrawal is also possible. But this is more for those predisposed to be psychologically dependent.

    Psilocybin Mushroom Treatment

    Should dependence, addiction, and withdrawal be an issue, treatment is warranted. Fortunately, there are ways to help treat these problems.

    Abstinence is one of the ways to help treat dependency on these mushrooms. As the substance is not as addictive as other substances, it becomes easier to stop consuming it. This is advisable if it is still a problem. Rehabilitation programs and centers can always aid with these problems.

    Fortunately, addiction to these mushrooms is rare. This, in turn, can help make treating any dependence on this substance more attainable.

    Laws on Psychedelic Mushrooms

    Substances such as psychedelic mushrooms have been deemed illegal. This is due to the war on drugs. Unfortunately, the law has not changed to this day. It is still considered an unlawful substance in the majority of the United States. As such, possession of the substance is still generally regarded as illegal.

    But, what are the exact implications of psilocybin being illegal?

    Actual and Constructive Possession of a Substance

    hand holding a piece of magic mushroom

    Possession is one of the most common offenses. This is about psilocybin. But, there are two kinds of possession offenses that you can commit. First, there is actual possession of drugs. Then there is constructive possession of drugs.

    Actual possession of drugs means that law enforcement found drugs on your person. This includes drugs on your hand and pockets. Actual possession will also be considered, even if it’s in a container in your bag.

    There is also constructive possession of drugs. This means that law enforcement knows that there are drugs in your area. It also says that law enforcement knows that you have knowledge of drugs in your vicinity. Constructive possession can also happen in this particular scenario. An example would be if police inspect your car and find drugs in the trunk or glove box. You are at someone’s house, and the police carried out a search warrant. Now, that place was found with illicit substances. You will then be charged with constructive possession.

    Penalties for Possessing Magic Mushrooms

    You will have to face the corresponding penalty if possessing illegal substances. However, the kind of penalty that you will face will depend entirely on the state’s laws that you’re in.

    Penalties for offenses related to possession of psilocybin mushrooms may differ. It can range from a minor misdemeanor charge to a more severe felony charge. This also depends on what state you were caught in. Some may get slapped with a fine. Others could end up serving some jail time.

    hands behind his back on handcuffs

    Unfortunately, things continue to get more complicated from this point. The penalty you will receive will not only stop at possession charges. Your possession charge can further be classified into different categories. This will depend on the amount you have in your possession.

    You can be charged for trafficking shrooms if caught in large quantities. Also, you can be charged for distributing even if found in your possession. This would then result in a penalty that’s more severe than initially thought.

    The lack of specific laws on possession and complexities are confusing. This results in people getting disproportionately arrested. Fortunately, there are legal teams who specialize in these types of cases.

    Looking Forward

    Developments have been taking place over the past few years. This is even though shrooms are being outlawed in most of the US.

    Science has still found a way to study magic mushrooms. This is despite the war on drugs initially stopping the research. As a result, the body of knowledge on psilocybin has grown.

    Now, there is a better understanding of psilocybin and what it does to the brain. What’s more, research has shown that there are indeed benefits to psilocybin use. For example, it’s currently being considered as an alternative treatment for depression. The NYU Psilocybin Cancer Anxiety Study also showed its benefits. In the research, it was used in palliative care for terminal cancer patients.

    Aside from these, some cities and states around the US have also decriminalized it. Oakland and Denver are two examples of places that have decriminalized them. But, Oregon has taken the extra step and legalized psilocybin for medical use.

    It is hard to deny that there’s progress happening with magic mushrooms. This is with research; decriminalization and legalization are still ongoing. Right now, there’s more solid evidence. This is that psilocybin mushrooms aren’t that bad as initially thought. This evidence also shows that they do have benefits. Decriminalization is proof of the legislative body’s acceptance of shrooms.

    With the way things are going, it’s only a matter of time before more and more people see all this progress. Hopefully, the stigma associated with these mushrooms will go away as well. Because with all the hard evidence available now, it’s hard to deny that shrooms do more good than harm.

  • Psilocybin Mushrooms of The World Pt. 2: Jargon Used in the Shroom World

    The world of magic mushrooms is a fascinating place. It might seem scary at first, especially if you’re unfamiliar with it. But, once you get familiar with the magic mushroom world, it becomes an exciting place for you to explore. But, of course, as with all things in life, you need to give it some time before you can get comfortable.

    To get comfortable, one must first learn how to be familiar. When it comes to magic mushrooms, familiarizing yourself with the terms is essential. These are things in connection to mushrooms and what a trip would be like. This is a way of preparation, which is a big deal when it comes to shrooms. This helps put you in the proper disposition to go on a trip.

    Now you have prepared yourself, it is best to know the other essential things to prepare. You also need to prepare yourself as you enter the world of shrooms! One way to do this is to familiarize yourself with the common jargon used by your fellow psychonauts. By doing this, you equip yourself with the appropriate vocabulary. This will also help you be part of that world.

    What’s a psychonaut, you ask? Well, read on, and you’ll find out what that means, along with some other terms used in this psychedelic world.

    Cap

    Psilocybe Azurescens

    When talking about mushrooms, “cap” refers to the top part of a mushroom. It sits on the top of the mushroom like a cap would on your head, hence the name.

    Caps come in all shapes and sizes but usually are shaped to an umbrella. These parts of the mushroom contain gills and spores.

    Come-up/Come-down

    These two refer to the effects of the psychedelic mushroom. A “come-up” is when you begin to feel its effects, while a “come-down” is when you start to feel it wear off. Think of it as the rise and fall of your mushroom trip.

    Compared to others, the come-down of a psychedelic doesn’t usually feel like a “crash.” This is more of a slow descent where you feel tired.

    Default Mode Network

    Also known as the DMN, this is your brain’s most active network during a resting state. This network is involved with higher brain function. The DMN has to do usually with your sense of self. Now, if you are under any psychedelics, this network is less active. This can explain why people feel like they lose their sense of self during a trip.

    Ego Death

    transcension

    Ego death is when you feel a complete loss of your sense of self, which can happen during a trip. This isn’t bad. This means you transcend yourself entirely and connect with something greater than yourself. As a result, you reach a state of enlightenment or get to see how you’re more connected to the world around you.

    Entheogen

    Entheogens are substances that alter your perception or consciousness. This helps perceive things that you usually wouldn’t when you aren’t on psychedelics. These substances are what help you go on a trip and feel different with your senses.

    Heroic Dose

    Coined by Terence McKenna, this refers to having a hefty dose of magic mushrooms. This can be done by intake of a large number of shrooms, 5g for example. This should be done in a dark and silent room. From there, you will be able to achieve ego death or transcendence.

    It could be called heroic because of how incredible a feat is to take a large dose to reach transcendence.

    Microdose

    Microdose is the opposite of a heroic dose. If a heroic dose requires a large number, a microdose needs a small amount. Usually, shrooms and acid are taken this way.

    While this won’t take you on a trip, it is enough to change your cognition to help you be more productive and creative.

    Psilocybe

    Psilocybe is a species of mushroom. It is known to have gills as one of its identifying characteristics. These mushrooms are known to be psychedelic. Several variants of these mushrooms are possible to grow worldwide. Psilocybe cubensis is an example of one of the more well-known kinds.

    Psilocybin/Psilocin

    Psilocybin is known to be one of the main psychedelic components in magic mushrooms. But, when it’s ingested, this substance becomes psilocin, which is the psychoactive form. So, these two substances are what handle the psychedelic effects of magic mushrooms.

    Between the two, psilocybin is the component that is used in clinical trials. This is because it is more stable compared to psilocin.

    Psychedelic

    This stems from the Greek words “psyche” and “delos,” translating to mind and manifesting.

    Psychedelic is a psychoactive substance that induces hallucinations and helps alter your consciousness. This has also become associated with a lot of the imagery and colors that you can see in many media in the ’70s.

    Psychonaut

    This is you! A psychonaut is someone who likes to use psychedelics. They use it to explore their mind and also the vast universe before them.

    Psychonaut is a combination of the words psychedelic and astronaut. It’s fitting as you do feel like an astronaut in outer space when you trip. The experience of being in the middle of an expanded consciousness you share with the world.

    Set and Setting

    Set and setting are two essential factors you take into account before a trip.

    Set, short for mindset, is the disposition that you are in. Before you go on a trip, you should be in the proper state of mind to help you have a good trip.

    Setting refers to everything outside your head. That means being in an environment where it’s safe for you to trip.

    These two are essential to help your trip responsibly.

    Strain

    Strain refers to the type of psychedelic mushroom you are consuming. “Psychedelic mushroom” is actually an umbrella term for psilocybin-containing mushrooms. Various strains are available in the world, each giving you a unique trip experience. 

    coffee cup surrounded with coffee beans and mushrooms

    TEK

    TEK is a slang term for the word technique. It refers to how you can either choose to consume your shrooms (e.g., lemon TEK) or grow them (PF TEK).

    Trip

    In an everyday context, a trip would entail having to go somewhere. The magic mushroom context of this is not too different. But, instead of going on a physical trip, a magic mushroom trip is more of an adventure through your mind. You explore not only your consciousness but that of the world that surrounds you.

    A trip can either be good or bad. Good trips are usually a positive experience. You can feel tired but refreshed and inspired. But, bad trips are ones where you can feel anxiety, paranoia, or a feeling of negativity. These could leave you uncomfortable or even be traumatic if you’re not careful.

    Trip Sitter

    A trip sitter is much like a babysitter, wherein they watch over you during your trip. They help make sure that you have a good trip. This would walk you through your experience and make sure it’s pleasant throughout. They also make sure you’re also away from any physical danger.

    Having a trip sitter around is always the best, whether you’re experienced or not.

    The vocabulary of the magic mushroom world is very expansive. This list is definitely not comprehensive yet. But, if you’re starting or someone interested in shrooms, this is a good starting point for you. If you want to learn more or take a deeper dive, feel free to do your own foraging.

    There’s a whole world out there for you to explore, and you might as well be equipped somehow before you get started. Then, when you’re ready, you can go ahead and take that next step. Best of luck to you, psychonaut!

  • Psilocybin Mushrooms of the World Pt. 1 Types of Magic Mushrooms

    Today, there is a growth in the popularity of mushrooms. This is both in the gourmet and medicine market. Many people have identified with the usage of shrooms. This can be recreational, religious, cultural, or medicinal purposes. But, whether you’re new or not in shrooms, it could often get confusing. Due to its similar features to poisonous ones, they get picked by mistake.

    Understandably, some people are uneasy about foraging psilocybin mushrooms. So, we are giving the world an identification guide of sorts. This can help you learn more about the different psychedelic mushrooms out there. We’ve compiled all the related mushrooms of the world and put in some bits of info about them. That way, you can find what interests you and learn more about them. So, read on to discover more!

    General

    Psilocybin mushrooms are mushrooms that contain psilocybin, psilocin, baeocystin, and nor baeocystin. All of these are hallucinogenic substances. Despite being banned, these are still being foraged for spiritual and recreational use. Psilocybin mushrooms are found under the genus Psilocybe. But, psychedelic mushrooms can also be found in species from other genera. Here are the general Psilocybin Mushrooms of the World types you can find: 

    • Conocybe
    • Copelandia
    • Galerina
    • Gymnopilus
    • Inocybe
    • Panaeolus
    • Pholiotina
    • Pluteus
    • Psilocybe

     Conocybe

    Conocybe is a genus of mushrooms. This includes the type species, Conocybe tenera, as well as at least 243 more species. In North America, there are at least 50 distinct species. The majority have a delicate, long, thin stem. This grows in grasslands on dead moss, dead grass, dunes, rotting wood, and manure.

     

    Conocybe cyanopus

    Conocybe cyanopus on the ground

    Pholiotina cyanopus is a fungus. This shroom contains psychedelic chemicals, including psilocybin and the rare aeruginascin. A study about molecular phylogenetics was published in its group back in 2013. It states that it belongs to a group of Pholiotina species. This is more connected to Galeralla nigeriensis than to Pholiotina or Conocybe. It’s a little saprotrophic mushroom with a smooth conic to a broad, convex crown. Its color is from ocher to cinnamon brown. The edge is striate, often with fibrous remnants of the partial veil, and it’s usually less than 25 mm broad. The gills are tight and adnate. It has a cinnamon brown tint and whitish edges towards the margin that darkens with age.

    Conocybe siligineoides

    Conocybe siligineoides is a macro fungus belonging to the Bolbitiaceae family. A few mycologists have only seen it, and all specimens have been collected in Mexico. Other members of the same genus are confirmed to have psilocybin in them. This then can cause powerful hallucinations. But, no chemical investigations are being conducted on this species. Initially, these are regarded as sacred mushrooms. They’re crushed, dried, and used in tea, as well as eaten fresh.

    Conocybe kuehneriana Singer

    Conocybe velutipes belong to the Bolbitiaceae family of mushrooms. The hallucinogenic chemicals psilocybin and psilocin are found in it.

    Copelandia

    copleandia cyanescens in a cow dung
    Image Source: Reddit

    Copelandia is a mushroom genus with at least 12 species. These species are currently considered extinct. Many American mycologists classified the Panaeolus genus that stains blue as Copelandia. But, European mycologists referred to the genus as Panaeolus. So, all mushrooms before being classified as Copelandia have now been reclassified as Panaeolus. 

    •  Copelandia affinis
    • Copelandia anomala
    • Copelandia bispora
    • Copelandia cambodginiensis
    • Copelandia chlorocystis
    • Copelandia cyanescens
    • Copelandia lentisporus
    • Copelandia tirunelveliensis
    • Copelandia tropica
    • Copelandia tropicalis
    • Copelandia westii

     

    galerina mushrooms under a tree trunk

    Galerina

    Galerina is a genus of microscopic brown-spore saprobic mushrooms. It is found worldwide, from the far north to distant Macquarie Island in the Southern Ocean. It has over 300 species. Small and hygrophanous, with a slender and brittle stem, these species are common. It’s worth noting several of the Galerina mushrooms are poisonous.

    Galerina steglichii

    Galerina steglichii is a mushroom species discovered in 1993. This was named after Wolfgang Steglich and was described by Besl. Galerina steglichii belongs to the Galerina genus and the Strophariaceae family. It does not have any subspecies. Psilocybin is present in the mushroom.

     

    Gymnopilus

    Gymnopilus is a genus of gilled mushrooms in the Strophariaceae family. It comprises roughly 200 rusty-orange spored mushroom species. This was previously separated between Pholiota and the extinct genus Flammula. 

    a handful of Gymnopilus mushrooms on the ground
    • Gymnopilus aeruginosus
    • Gymnopilus braendlei
    • Gymnopilus cyanopalmicola
    • Gymnopilus dilepis
    • Gymnopilus dunensis
    • Gymnopilus intermedius
    • Gymnopilus lateritius
    • Gymnopilus luteofolius
    • Gymnopilus luteoviridis
    • Gymnopilus luteus
    • Gymnopilus palmicola
    • Gymnopilus purpuratus
    • Gymnopilus subpurpuratus
    • Gymnopilus subspectabilis
    • Gymnopilus validipes
    • Gymnopilus viridans

     

    Inocybe

    inocybe mushrooms on the ground

    Inocybe is a vast genus of mushroom-forming fungi. This includes over 1400 species in diverse shapes and sizes. The caps of these mushrooms are small and cone-shaped, flattening as they mature. It’s also known as fiber caps because of its fibrous appearance. Inocybe members grow in symbiosis with plants. Research suggests that the genus’ high level of diversification is related to adaptation. This is in connection to diverse trees and even local habitats. They can be found in the northern hemisphere. 

    • Inocybe aeruginascens
    • Inocybe caerulata
    • Inocybe coelestium
    • Inocybe corydalina
    • Inocybe haemacta
    • Inocybe tricolor

    Panaeolus

    Panaeolus is a genus of saprotrophic agarics with tiny black-spored seeds. The name Panaeolus comes from the Greek word panaeolus. This means “all variegated,” referring to its speckled gills. They can be found in North America and Europe, mainly growing from dung or in grasslands.

    a Panaeolus mushroom on the ground
    • Panaeolus affinis
    • Panaeolus africanus
    • Panaeolus axfordii
    • Panaeolus bisporus
    • Panaeolus cambodginiensis
    • Panaeolus castaneifolius
    • Panaeolus chlorocystis
    • Panaeolus cinctulus
    • Panaeolus cyanescens
    • Panaeolus fimicola
    • Panaeolus lentisporus
    • Panaeolus microsporus
    • Panaeolus moellerianus
    • Panaeolus olivaceus
    • Panaeolus rubricaulis
    • Panaeolus tirunelveliensis
    • Panaeolus tropicalis
    • Panaeolus venezolanus
    Pholiotina mushrooms in the forest

    Pholiotina

    Pholiotina is a small agaric fungus genus. In 1889, a Swiss mycologist named Victor Fayod defined it as a Conocybe-like species. He also said that it has partial veils on it. Since then, the genus has been enlarged to encompass species with only partial veils.

    • Pholiotina cyanopus
    • Pholiotina smithii

    Pluteus

    Pluteus is an extensive fungus genus that contains around 300 species. They’re saprobes that rot the wood. It also has a spore print that ranges from pink to pinkish-brown in color. Whereas other mushrooms have gills that attach to their stems, the Pluteus’ gills do not. Pluteus is a Latin word that means “shed” or “penthouse.” These shrooms can be found all over the world, most in North America.  

    pluteus mushroom on the forest ground
    • Pluteus albostipitatus
    • Pluteus americanus
    • Pluteus cyanopus
    • Pluteus glaucus
    • Pluteus glaucotinctus
    • Pluteus nigroviridis
    • Pluteus phaeocyanopus
    • Pluteus salicinus
    • Pluteus saupei
    • Pluteus velutinornatus
    • Pluteus villosus

     

    Psilocybe

    Psilocybe is a genus of gilled mushrooms found all over the world. They belong to the Hymenogastraceae family. They’re described to be small brown mushrooms with brown to yellowish-brown colored caps. As for their spore prints, they are known to range from dark purple to brownish. Psilocybin, psilocin, and baeocystin are chemicals found in almost all Psilocybe mushroom species.

    Psilocybin Mushroom
    • Psilocybe acutipilea
    • Psilocybe allenii
    • Psilocybe alutacea
    • Psilocybe angulospora
    • Psilocybe antioquiensis
    • Psilocybe araucariicola
    • Psilocybe atlantis
    • Psilocybe aquamarina
    • Psilocybe armandii
    • Psilocybe aucklandiae
    • Psilocybe aztecorum
    • Psilocybe azurescens
    • Psilocybe baeocystis
    • Psilocybe banderillensis
    • Psilocybe bispora
    • Psilocybe brasiliensis
    • Psilocybe brunneocystidiata
    • Psilocybe caeruleoannulata
    • Psilocybe caerulescens
    • Psilocybe caerulipes
    • Psilocybe callosa
    • Psilocybe carbonaria
    • Psilocybe caribaea
    • Psilocybe chuxiongensis
    • Psilocybe collybioides
    • Psilocybe columbiana
    • Psilocybe congolensis
    • Psilocybe cordispora
    • Psilocybe cubensis
    • Psilocybe cyanescens
    • Psilocybe cyanofibrillosa
    • Psilocybe dumontii
    • Psilocybe egonii
    • Psilocybe eximia
    • Psilocybe fagicola
    • Psilocybe farinacea
    • Psilocybe fimetaria
    • Psilocybe fuliginosa
    • Psilocybe furtadoana
    • Psilocybe galindii
    • Psilocybe gallaeciae
    • Psilocybe graveolens
    • Psilocybe guatapensis
    • Psilocybe guilartensis
    • Psilocybe heimii
    • Psilocybe herrerae
    • Psilocybe hispanica
    • Psilocybe hoogshagenii
    • Psilocybe hopii
    • Psilocybe inconspicua
    • Psilocybe indica
    • Psilocybe isabelae
    • Psilocybe jacobsii
    • Psilocybe jaliscana
    • Psilocybe kumaenorum
    • Psilocybe laurae
    • Psilocybe lazoi
    • Psilocybe liniformans
    • Psilocybe mairei
    • Psilocybe makarorae
    • Psilocybe mammillata
    • Psilocybe medullosa
    • Psilocybe meridensis
    • Psilocybe meridionalis
    • Psilocybe mescaleroensis
    • Psilocybe mexicana
    • Psilocybe moseri
    • Psilocybe muliercula
    • Psilocybe naematoliformis
    • Psilocybe natalensis
    • Psilocybe natarajanii
    • Psilocybe neorhombispora
    • Psilocybe neoxalapensis
    • Psilocybe ovoideocystidiata
    • Psilocybe papuana
    • Psilocybe paulensis
    • Psilocybe pelliculosa
    • Psilocybe pintonii
    • Psilocybe pleurocystidiosa
    • Psilocybe plutonia
    • Psilocybe portoricensis
    • Psilocybe pseudoaztecorum
    • Psilocybe puberula
    • Psilocybe quebecensis
    • Psilocybe rickii
    • Psilocybe rostrata
    • Psilocybe rzedowskii
    • Psilocybe samuiensis
    • Psilocybe schultesii
    • Psilocybe semilanceata
    • Psilocybe septentrionalis
    • Psilocybe serbica
    • Psilocybe sierrae
    • Psilocybe silvatica
    • Psilocybe singeri
    • Psilocybe strictipes
    • Psilocybe stuntzii
    • Psilocybe subacutipilea
    • Psilocybe subaeruginascens
    • Psilocybe subaeruginosa
    • Psilocybe subbrunneocystidiata
    • Psilocybe subcaerulipes
    • Psilocybe subcubensis
    • Psilocybe subpsilocybioides
    • Psilocybe subtropicalis
    • Psilocybe tampanensis
    • Psilocybe thaicordispora
    • Psilocybe thaiaerugineomaculans
    • Psilocybe thaiduplicatocystidiata
    • Psilocybe uruguayensis
    • Psilocybe uxpanapensis
    • Psilocybe venenata
    • Psilocybe villarrealiae
    • Psilocybe wassoniorum
    • Psilocybe weilii
    • Psilocybe weldenii
    • Psilocybe weraroa
    • Psilocybe wrightii
    • Psilocybe xalapensis
    • Psilocybe yungensis
    • Psilocybe zapotecorum
    • Psilocybe zapotecoantillarum
    • Psilocybe zapotecocaribaea
    • Psilocybe zapotecorum
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