News

The latest updates on and about Magic Mushroom across the country. Everything to its legalization and decriminalization.

  • News Update: Magic Mushrooms in Illinois

    In 2020, Chicago voted to legalize the use of recreational marijuana. The City Council is also considering another move. They are looking to decriminalize entheogenic plants and fungi. Entheogenic plants and fungi are psychedelics that occur in nature. These materials contain psychoactive compounds that induce a “trip” when ingested.

    One type of entheogenic fungi is magic mushrooms. Magic mushrooms contain a hallucinogenic substance called psilocybin. And this hallucinogenic compound is a Schedule I controlled substance under federal law. So what are these Schedule I controlled substances?

    The government considers these substances to be the most dangerous drugs out there. And according to the law, these drugs or substances have the following characteristics:

    • Potential for abuse is high;
    • There’s no currently accepted medical treatment used in the U.S.; and
    • Inadequate accepted safety for use under medical supervision.

    Schedule I substances are not available for clinical use. Furthermore, medical professionals may not prescribe these drugs or substances.

    Recent developments

    a single magic mushroom on a hand

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) designated psilocybin as a “breakthrough therapy.” Researchers and medical professionals gave patients who suffered from significant depression psilocybin. And evidence suggests that using psilocybin was better than using currently available therapies.

    Richard Miller is a Professor of Pharmacology and Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. He is currently working at the Northwestern Medicines Feinberg School of Medicine. And he supports the use of natural psychedelics as a treatment option.

    According to him, there are many types of research about entheogenic plants and fungi. And these researches suggest that these substances offer therapeutic uses and medical benefits.

    He further shared that modern research tools and techniques are now available. With the help of technology, we can now better understand what these can do for our mental health.

    Related research tried to study the connection between psilocybin and brain activity. Medical professionals gave several patients psilocybin. And these professionals monitored and observed the brain activity of the patients. And results show that there was a significant increase in brain connectivity.

    Psychedelics and spirituality are, in a way, related to each other. And Miller says further research can help establish the connection between these two.

    Psilocybin in Illinois

    Several officials have proposed and considered the decriminalization of psilocybin. But, the scope of the resolution is only within its city limits. And among the proponents of the resolution is Ald. Brian Hopkins (2nd Ward).

    He introduced a resolution on magic mushrooms in October 2019. The solution encourages the state’s Department of Public Health to explore its benefits. Including the potential benefits of other psychedelic drugs and substances.

    a depressed woman sitting on a floor

    In his statement, he wanted to encourage a public discussion. He was willing to explore the benefits of these mushrooms in treating a range of illnesses. These illnesses include post-traumatic stress disorder and chronic traumatic encephalopathy. And it also has anxiety, depression, and drug addiction.

    Furthermore, the resolution recommends decriminalizing criminal cases that involve organic psychedelics.

    So what does this mean? It means that law enforcement will no longer pursue cases involving natural psychedelics. Instead, it will be their lowest priority.

    These mushrooms existed for hundreds of years. And various indigenous people and cultures used it for many purposes. For example, they have used these mushrooms for ceremonial and healing purposes.

    Several institutions recently conducted studies on psilocybin. And so far, most of the results are positive. These mushrooms have shown tremendous potential for healing ailments of the mind.

    The University of California and John Hopkins conducted their research on psilocybin. All their research has shown promising benefits of the use of psilocybin. Even Imperial College London recently studied its benefits. Their results show that psilocybin could help address depression, PTSD, and addiction.

    And it can be a good alternative as a treatment option.

    Psilocybin mushroom spores do not contain psilocybin. So, Illinois allowed its citizens to own the spores without penalty. But, if these spores develop into fruited mushrooms, you will end up in serious legal trouble.

    According to one of Illinois’ administrative codes, Schedule I substances are illegal. Thus, possession of psilocybin within the state can carry serious legal troubles.

    Penalties

    Hallucinogen charges occur in two broad categories.

    First is possession under 720 ILCS 570/402. This charge is also known as ” simple possession.” You are guilty if you have a small number of psilocybin mushrooms. Or if you have it in one bag or container and there is no scale nearby.

    The second is manufacturing, delivering, or possessing with intent to deliver. This charge is under 720 ILCS 57/401. You are guilty if you own a large number of psilocybin mushrooms. Suppose you have them stored in many bags or containers. Or if you have a scale nearby and deliver it to an undercover officer or information.

    Let’s take a better look at the details of the charges and the penalties below.

    hands reaching out a jail cell

    Possession of psilocybin mushrooms

    • Possession of 0-200 grams is a Class 4 felony. It is punishable by 1 to 3 years in prison under 720 ILCS 50/402
    • Possession of 200+ grams is a Class 1 felony. It is punishable by 4-15 years in prison under 720 ILCS 50/402

    Manufacturing, delivering, possessing psilocybin mushrooms with the intent to deliver

    The penalties for the following activities will vary depending on the amount. But, the penalties are more severe than simple possession.

    • 0-50 grams is a Class 3 felony. It is punishable by 2 to 5 years in prison under 720 ILCS 570/401
    • 50-200 grams is a Class 1 felony. It is punishable by 4 to 15 years in prison under 720 ILCS 570/401
    • 200+ grams is a Class X felony. It is punishable by 6 to 30 years in prison under 720 ILCS 570/401.

    You can be charged with simple possession of magic mushrooms or something more. But, both are still considered felonies, and you will either pay a fine, serve time in prison or do both.

    What about in other states?

    Denver, Colorado, decriminalized psilocybin mushrooms in May 2019. And Oakland, California, followed suit in June 2019. Santa Cruz, California, was next. Finally, voters agreed to decriminalize all entheogenic plants and fungi in January 2020.

    In November 2020, voters passed Measure 109 and Measure 110. And Oregon became the first state in the country to legalize psilocybin. Of course, many cities have already decriminalized the substance. But Oregon was the first to permit the supervised use of psilocybin statewide.

    Furthermore, the new law will allow anyone age 21 or older to access magic mushrooms. But they can only use it for personal development.

    This new law doesn’t mean that magic mushrooms will have the same legal status as marijuana. So only government-licensed facilities can use these psychedelic mushrooms. Also, these mushrooms need to be stored and administered in controlled facilities.

    Conclusion

    There is a growing number of people who are now looking to use magic mushrooms. These mushrooms are now considered as a treatment option for mental health disorders. These mental disorders include depression, anxiety, PTSD, and addiction.

    Chicago could become the largest city to decriminalize natural psychedelics. These include magic mushrooms that contain psilocybin. And peyote that contains mescaline and many more.

    But, even with more studies on the use of entheogenic plants and fungi. And more lawmakers who propose newer drug resolutions to decriminalize such substances finally. The state remains tight with its drug laws and regulations. Psilocybin mushrooms are still illegal under state law.

  • News Update: Magic Mushrooms in Washington

    In the past, psychedelic plants and fungi had essential roles in indigenous traditions. Thus, these natural psychedelics are also known as entheogenic plants and fungi. Some examples of these are ayahuasca, psilocybin, and ibogaine.

    Indigenous tribes in South America use ayahuasca during rituals. The ayahuasca tea ceremonies are sacred. They have held significant religious and medicinal benefits in their culture. In South Africa, Bwiti ceremonies use ibogaine. It’s an initiation that marks the passage of children becoming young men and women.

    As you can see, people use these psychedelic substances for a variety of reasons. Some have used them for personal spiritual growth. And some have strengthened community bonds in many tribes and cultures.

    Benefits of Psilocybin

    Psilocybin is the hallucinogenic compound found in magic mushrooms. These mushrooms do not have the mass-market appeal of marijuana or cannabis. But, they are effective in treating a wide array of mental health disorders.

    According to studies, psilocybin and psychotherapy are effective treatments for the following:

    • major depressive disorder
    • PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder)
    • drug addiction
    sitting on a couch during a therapy session

    A team of scholars at Johns Hopkins University studied natural psychedelics. They obtained approval in 2000 to do clinical trials. And they researched the benefits of using psilocybin using healthy volunteers. Here are some of the benefits of using psilocybin mushrooms:

    • curbs addictions (nicotine, alcohol, opioid)
    • treat depression
    • treat post-traumatic stress disorder
    • ease end-of-life or existential anxiety
    • improves mood

    Results show that psychedelic drugs help people kick their addictions. Patients who were dependent on nicotine, alcohol, and opioid got better. Those who had trouble with habits were able to recover.

    Psychedelic drugs trigger a “high” when introduced to the body. This experience has a positive effect on a person’s mood and mental wellbeing. So how does it happen? It remains to be a mystery, but researchers say that this is an excellent avenue to explore.

    Based on recent studies, psychedelics seem to help the brain forge new connections. They break the habitual patterns of neural activity. These patterns are associated with how depression and addiction start in the brain.

    They say that this occurs when psychedelics break these patterns. And make new connections in the brain. The brain becomes more flexible when this happens.

    There are stories of people experiencing the adverse effects of psychedelics. But, the psychedelic experience will vary from one person to another. Some will experience disturbing audio and visual hallucinations. Others will lose track of time. And some may even experience nausea and vomiting.

    So, it’s not always going to be a good trip. And, here are some factors that may affect your psychedelic encounter:

    • the person’s psychology
    • amount or dose of drugs
    • location or setting
    • expectations

    Psilocybin in Washington

    In 2003, Seattle voters were able to pass an initiative on marijuana. As a result, adult marijuana possession became the lowest law enforcement priority. And in 2012, Washington D.C. became the first to legalize the recreational use of marijuana.

    dried magic mushrooms on a wooden table

    In 2017, Washington state adopted a law to approve natural psychedelics. So people can use them for their therapeutic, spiritual, and recreational use. In 2019, the administration passed a federal Right to Try Act. But the DEA (Drug Enforcement Agency) remains tight. This is especially when accessing and using controlled substances.

    Decriminalize Nature Seattle is part of a national network called Decriminalize Nature. This group continues to show support, and they advocate for the use of entheogens. They believe that these could be of more help than harm to people, especially those suffering from mental disorders. Patients who suffer are always in search of ways to get better. And the group believes that allowing access to entheogens is the answer.

    The group aims to legalize plant-based psychedelic drugs in Washington state. They are trying to pass related resolutions through the Seattle City Council. They are focusing on making nature-derived psychedelics the lowest priority for law enforcement. No more penalty for those who use entheogens,

    Kody Zalewski is currently a medical researcher at the University of Washington. Although he is working on neuroimaging, he has not researched the effect of these drugs on the brain.

    He has always been interested in entheogenic medicine. And he has since advocated for plant-based drugs. Kody also serves on the executive committee of Decriminalize Nature Seattle.

    According to him, the research in psychedelic drugs is currently flourishing. But there’s still a lot of challenges. Decriminalizing entheogenic plants and fungi is one of the many steps. But, many have already published their success stories using psilocybin.

    And the administration passed the Entheogenic Plants and Fungus Policy Act of 2020.

    Earlier this year, Dr. Sunil Aggarwal, a Seattle-based doctor, sued the U.S. DEA. The agency denied his application to use psilocybin. He was planning on using the treatment for patients in critical condition. But, he mentioned that patients should have access to investigational medications.

    In September 2020, voters in Washington D.C. had supported the decriminalization initiative. And in November 2020, the majority of the voters voted in favor of the initiative on Election Day. But, they already approved the use of psychedelic mushrooms as a treatment option. As of now, Washington D.C. has not yet voted for the legalization of psilocybin.

    In February 2021, voters in Spokane, Washington, filed a proposed ordinance. They hope to allow the use of psilocybin mushrooms. Decriminalize Nature Spokane was the group that introduced this initiative.

    The group submitted the proposed ordinance to the City Council. It was on the agenda for Monday, March 1. But, local legislators chose not to act on it. So, the proposed ordinance needed to be vetted by city officials. Afterward, advocates and supporters can gather the required number of signatures.

    The activists need to collect 3,477 signatures to put the reform on the ballot. Mason Lord was the chief petitioner. And he mentioned that these substances show medical and therapeutic potential. So people who need it the most need open access to it.

    What’s the situation in other states?

    judge holding a gavel upward

    In 2019, Denver was the first U.S. city to decriminalize the use of psilocybin. Ann, Arbor, Michigan, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Oakland, and Santa Cruz, California, followed suit. And Somerville, Massachusetts, and Washington D.C. were next. These cities have also decriminalized more entheogens. They included plants and fungi that have mescaline and DMT.

    In 2020, Oregon was one of the first states to decriminalize the use of psilocybin. And they took a step further in their local drug laws. In November, the state passed Measure 109 and Measure 110. Voters approved these measures. And these measures reclassified the possession of controlled substances as a minor violation. These measures are still limited. Because they did not go as far on legalizing the manufacturing and sales of illicit drugs. Some of these illegal drugs include cocaine, heroin, and methamphetamines.

    Conclusion

    As of now, we are in an era where drug decriminalization is becoming more common. But we need more scientific research to prove the effectiveness of psilocybin further. This also includes other nature-based psychedelics.

    The best thing we can do is to help destigmatize natural psychedelics. We already know that they provide more benefit than harm. Proper information dissemination about the medical and therapeutic benefits will help. And responsible journalism is key to having a better foundation on drug reform.

  • News Update: Magic Mushrooms in Georgia

    Magic mushrooms were known for their “psychedelic” properties. But research shows more to these shrooms. Some areas of the United States decided to decriminalize the “former drug.” This is due to its recreational and medicinal benefits. But, psilocybe caerulescens isn’t that beneficial to others.

    Many factors led to people thinking of magic mushrooms in Georgia as evil. Due to the stigma associated with them, legislation viewed them as a danger for Georgians. As a result, strict laws and regulations were formed.

    Magic Mushroom Laws: Georgia

    The State of Georgia follows the Drug Enforcement Agency and its laws on drugs. This means that they refer to the Controlled Substances Act of 1970. The law classifies drugs according to their potential addiction and medicinal use. This determines offenders’ punishments. Even so, these vary per state.

    In the Peach State, magic mushrooms fall under the Schedule I class, according to Georgia Code. This is because they contain psilocybin which causes its effects. Schedule I means that they are the most addictive with no acceptable medical use. Schedule I also carries the most severe penalties.

    Typically, the punishment for drug possession includes a fee and prison time. But, only Marijuana is what leads someone to both penalties. Possession of psilocybin and other Schedule I drugs means prison time. The first offense can give you two to fifteen years in prison. Anything after that leads to a sentence of up to thirty years in prison.

    What About Spores?

    mushroom in the forest

    Most areas of the United States don’t consider the spores of a magic mushroom to be illegal. This is because they still aren’t mature enough to develop psilocybin. People can legally own these spores. Citizens can even sell magic mushroom spores so long as they stay spores. But, some areas view spores differently.

    Out of the 52 states in the country, only three of them declared it illegal. This means that you can’t sell or own magic mushroom spores. These states are Idaho, California, and Georgia. The reason behind this is their potential to develop psilocybin once they mature. Being an illegal Schedule I drug, they lead people to the same consequences as well.

    The state has strict regulations when it comes to the legality of psilocybin. Nonetheless, the mushrooms and spores are neither decriminalized or legal in Georgia.

    Decriminalization & Legalization: What’s The Difference?

    Let’s first differentiate the difference between decriminalization and legalization. This is better to understand the laws on drug possession and use.

    Violating the law will alert the police and other practitioners. They will then bring up criminal charges according to the violated law. From here, the court takes over. They will essentially try the person accused of committing the crime. This is the time when they determine if the defendant is guilty or innocent.

    Usually, when the court declares someone guilty, there is a penalty depending on the crime—these range from thousands of dollars in fines to an incredibly long prison sentence. In short, criminal offenses involve serious consequences, much like in Georgia.

    Decriminalization

    Sometimes, the state can declare certain offenses to be decriminalized. The officials imply that people’s crimes will no longer be recognized as a crime. Also, they removed criminal sanctions against acts, articles, and behavior. This includes arrests and prison sentences.

    But, this does not mean that people are free to do whatever they want. Even if it is not considered a crime, it is still illegal under federal and state laws. For example, decriminalizing psilocybin means that it is still illegal. But the offenders aren’t prosecuted for the amount they have with them.

    Instead of the legal processes of courts, decriminalization could mean paying civil penalties. In the case of decriminalized drugs, the penalty could either be a fine or an education program.

    gavel on a desk

    Legalization

    Simply, no criminal or civil penalties even if found in possession. This also includes if someone is using a controlled substance. Yet, there are some things to remember when something is legalized.

    Legalization usually means that there are regulations for these “legal drugs.” Alcohol is the best example because this is open for consumption, but it’s also harmful to people. Drunk driving, alcohol-related illnesses, and dependence are some risks of alcohol consumption.

    Due to this, the state creates regulations that must be followed. Regulating alcohol or any substance isn’t meant to restrict people. It’s developed to protect its citizens from the many dangers. The same can be said about Marijuana and psilocybin.

    What Does Research Say About Psilocybin Mushrooms?

    a handful of shrooms for research

    Georgia law thinks of psilocybin as a dangerous substance that should be banned. According to studies, psilocybin in magic mushrooms is effective against mental illnesses. But, over time, things change when people talk about the research. This includes depression and addiction.

    Johns Hopkins Medicine is the most famous source for research on psilocybin use. In their study, they took 24 individuals with an average of the serious depression type. With the help of psychotherapy, the use of shrooms immensely helped. This reduced the average depression level for all the candidates. 

    It’s common for people to think that magic mushrooms are addictive. However, the substance helps with addictions. Amanda Feilding from The Beckley Foundation conducted a study on addiction. The research is based on Johns Hopkins on addiction and psilocybin. The studies are still ongoing, but they have nothing but positive results.

    Many other groups have conducted their research. It’s no surprise that some have taken the initiative for psilocybin use. The benefits of the substance have been increasing as well. This goes from creative thoughts to helping control cancer-related anxiety.

    Initiatives For The Psilocybin Mushroom

    Psilocybin became so popular because of the research. As a result, many people and changes in the government. Unfortunately, the advocacies in Georgia aren’t as expected because of the strict laws. Even so, there still is some support for psilocybin legalization from Georgians.

    Locally, the University of Georgia has a Psychedelic Club run by students. Much like any drug advocacy group, they educate people on the benefits of psilocybin. Some students from the same university joined a movement. This is the Students For Sensible Drug Policy, which does the same for the entire nation. 

    MushFest is a yearly festival by The Mushroom Foragers of Georgia. The two-day celebration is packed with activities. This includes arts, food, and music. This also includes educating the attendees on the benefits of mushrooms. The most significant development from this event comes in 2021. This is where they tackle psilocybin and its many different uses.

    Outside of Georgia, Oregon is the first state that fully legalized psilocybin. This is for both recreational and medicinal purposes. Also, Oakland and Denver decriminalized possession because of the research. Other states currently research their own. This is to determine the condition of magic mushrooms in their territory.

    Conclusion

    Magic mushrooms are even gaining more attention. Georgians are now starting to realize the benefits of psilocybin use. But, they are neither decriminalized nor legalized in the state. The mushrooms and spores of psilocybin remain illegal. Its legislation has passed a strict set of laws to control it.

    It’s even more challenging to know where to find magic mushrooms in Georgia. Avid users and potential first-timers may have to wait. They will have to wait until they can freely consume the best magic mushrooms Georgia has to offer.

  • News Update: Magic Mushrooms in Michigan

    Michigan recently celebrated the first anniversary of its decriminalization of entheogenic substances. Entheogenic substances are plants and fungi that come from nature.

    These substances work like psychedelics such as LSDs. They are psychoactive substances that induce an altered state of consciousness when ingested. People and cultures use these substances for therapeutic, medicinal, spiritual, or religious purposes.

    What are Entheogenic Plants and Fungi?

    hallucinogenic psilocybin mushrooms on the ground

    The city council of Ann Arbor passed a resolution last year. And this resolution defined entheogenic plants and fungi. These substances are natural elements, and their compounds could contain the following:

    • Indole Amines
    • Tryptamines
    • Phenethylamines

    Many indigenous people and cultures used these substances many years ago. In published materials, these substances affect a person’s state of mind. Furthermore, these compounds support and enhance religious and spiritual practices.

    What are these Naturally Occurring Psychedelics?

    There are several plants and fungi on this list. The ayahuasca plant contains DMT. The spineless cactus Peyote, San Pedro cactus, and Peruvian torch contain mescaline. An African root called the Iboga plant contains ibogaine. And magic mushrooms contain psilocybin or psilocin.

    Let’s check the details of these substances below!

    • Psilocybin

    It’s a hallucinogenic compound found in various mushroom strains. The effects are comparable to that of LSD. It’s not an addictive substance, but some users have reported disturbing experiences. They felt anxiety and panic while using the psilocybin mushrooms.

    • Ibogaine

    The Iboga root contains the hallucinogenic substance ibogaine. In Africa, the Gabon Bwiti tribe has used ibogaine since the 1800s. They use this as a part of the coming-of-age rituals in adolescent boys. You can compare this activity with the Jewish tradition, Bar Mitzvah.

    According to the book “Progress in Brain Research,” ibogaine showed promising anti-addictive properties. Researchers tested both animals and humans, and ibogaine was successful in curbing addiction. Yet, there were cases of ibogaine’s tendency to induce cardiac arrhythmias. In the Journal of Forensic Sciences, they said 19 ibogaine-related deaths in 18 years.

    • DMT, also known as Dimitri or N, N-Dimethyltryptamine

    This substance comes from a decoction of two plants. First, the ayahuasca vine (Banisteriopsis caapi) and second, the chacruna (Psychotria Viridis). When you drink this, many people have said that you will experience hallucinations.

    For many years, many indigenous tribes have conducted Ayahuasca tea ceremonies. And, it has further gained popularity thanks to many celebrities. They have shared their in-depth experience with it.

    • Mescaline

    It’s a hallucinogenic compound that you can find in cacti such as the San Pedro, Peyote, and Peruvian torch. These substances can cause an altered perception of space and time when ingested.

    They have low toxicity. So these substances are less harmful than other psychedelics. But mescaline is still classified as a Schedule I drug. The federal government is considering its high potential for abuse.

    But nowadays, there are various types of research and studies about mescaline. And they have shown the medical and therapeutic benefits of using them.

    Benefits of Psilocybin

    Several universities have conducted various studies on their potential medical benefits. For example, in 2016, there were two published studies. They researched the benefits of using magic mushrooms.

    Researchers made a study on 51 cancer patients. The researchers observed their moods, attitudes, and behavior. They showed symptoms of depression and end-of-life anxiety. And within a five-week time frame, the patients took psilocybin. And the staff gave them low and high doses. Afterward, the team conducted a six-month follow-up.

    woman with anxiety

    On the sixth month follow-up, 80% of the patients continued to improve their mental health. Also, psilocybin decreased the depression and death anxiety felt by the patients. Thus, it improved their quality of life.

    They reported a significant decrease in their depressed mood and anxiety. Also, the use of psilocybin increased the patient’s quality of life. They experienced increased optimism and life meaning. The patients no longer dread the end of life.

    NYU Langone Medical Center also conducted research. They looked into the effects of psychedelic mushrooms on cancer patients. The patients took a single dose of psilocybin mushrooms for weeks, and the results were the same. Also, the patients reported a decrease in their depressed mood and anxiety.

    There is more published research about the medical benefits of magic mushrooms.

    Magic Mushrooms in Michigan

    In 2016, the Cato Institute published a report. It says that Michigan spent more than $800 million to enforce drug control.

    Psychedelic plants and fungi show tremendous potential. Research and studies show that they can treat various mental and psychological disorders. So, the city council of Ann Arbor pushed for its decriminalization last year.

    So what does decriminalization mean? Law enforcement officers will not arrest you for using and possessing mushrooms. Cultivation and possession of magic mushrooms is the police’s lowest priority.

    In September 2020, the Ann Arbor city council members voted to decriminalize psychedelics.

    Washtenaw County Prosecutor Eli Savit supported the decriminalization efforts. He committed not to prosecute the cultivation and possession of natural psychedelics. As a result, cases have been de-prioritized by law enforcement since then.

    Furthermore, the Decriminalize Nature Ann Arbor group helped usher the resolution. The group aims to make these substances accessible. They are pushing for appropriate individual and community education. They envision a community with happy and healthy individuals. They encourage people to reconnect with nature and appreciate entheogenic traditions and practices.

    Each member advocates the use of these drugs. Because these substances help improve the physical and psychological health of people. The group also cited two essential things to push the city to allow entheogenic plants and fungi. The first is American Liberty. The second, personal freedom.

    Afterward, advocates of magic mushrooms formed and created Decriminalize Nature Michigan. This group aims to work with their local legislators. And they are pushing for a bill decriminalizing psychedelics.

    Zachary Acker is one of Ann Arbor City’s Council Members. And he said that the future is bright for psychedelics.

    Recently, local lawmakers passed a resolution. It has designated September as Entheogenic Plants and Fungi Awareness month. Last September 19, the University of Michigan hosted the event. And the Student Association for Psychedelic Studies was in charge of everything.

    According to statistics, Grand Rapids has one of the highest rates of depression in the U.S.

    And the city is now looking into alternative solutions. One of them is using natural psychedelics.

    Commissioner Kurt Reppart supports decriminalizing nature. And, it looks like Grand Rapids is soon to be the next city to vote for the use of psychedelic plants and fungi.

    Proposition 8 allowed recreational cannabis or marijuana legalization. And in 2018, Voters passed prop 8, and critics had concerns about drug driving.

    In a similar concern, critics are looking into the influence of hallucinogenic drugs. They are curious about its impact on impaired driving.

    What’s Happening Now?

    Ann Arbor, Michigan

    Ann Arbor is one of the cities first to decriminalize psilocybin mushrooms.

    Sens. Jeff Erwin, Ann Arbor, and Adam Hollier, Detroit, recently introduced a bill. It aims to legalize the cultivation, possession, and delivery of natural psychedelics. Under the proposed legislation, these are the covered substances:

    • Psilocybin
    • Mescaline
    • Ibogaine
    • DMT

    Furthermore, people or businesses who use these entheogenic substances can charge a fee as long as they provide services and conduct proper counseling and spiritual guidance. But legislators will not legalize the commercial production and sales of these substances.

    What’s The Situation in Other Cities and States?

    Denver was the first city to decriminalize and legalize psilocybin. And they allowed the use and sale of psilocybin. And the voters who passed the legislation are now looking into a broader reform.

    Several Massachusetts cities have enacted a bill. This bill aims to study the implications of decriminalizing psychedelic drugs.

    Texas has also recently enacted a bill to study their medical benefits.

    Oregon voters approved the legalization of psilocybin for therapeutic use. And, in the long run, it hopes to decriminalize possession of all drugs. In Portland, activists are pushing local lawmakers to decriminalize the following activities:

    • Cultivation of Psychedelics
    • Gifting using Psychedelics
    • The Ceremonial Use of Psychedelics

    Conclusion

    These natural psychedelic drugs have a lot of potential. Furthermore, they show a lot of benefits. So, more cities and states in the U.S. are looking into the decriminalization of magic mushrooms.

    And soon, it is possible to see a broader drug law reform.

  • News Update: Magic Mushrooms in Wisconsin

    Magic mushrooms were once popular among indigenous peoples. But these have become a controversial topic since their re-emergence in the 1950s. In 1970, the Controlled Substances Act was declared. This states that the possession and use of shrooms is a criminal offense. Not to mention the “war on drugs.” This further popularized the hostile view magic mushrooms have today. Both factors led to the limited use of shrooms and their perceived “addictive” nature.

    To this day, many states maintain their laws on these mushrooms. For instance, magic mushrooms in Wisconsin are considered a drug. They then define that this leads to severe consequences. But clinical experiments over the years showed nothing but positive results and benefits.

    Even so, what’s so special about these edibles that need our attention?

     

    Magic Mushrooms: What The Research Says?

    man with magnifying glass looking at a mushroom

    Every magic mushroom species contains a substance called psilocybin. That gives it the psychedelic effect it has. According to recent studies, psilocybin holds many medicinal benefits for potential users.

    Mental illnesses and disorders are a common occurrence in the present time. According to well-funded research, psilocybin is a solid combatant for such issues. For example, the use of shrooms can treat depression symptoms. This is, of course, paired with psychotherapy. So, psilocybin can be used as an excellent anti-depressant.

    Currently, there are studies taking place. This is to test the medical ability and safety of the substance. Research also focuses on finding any other potential benefits for issues needing treatment. The study shows positive results with anxiety, alcoholism, and other harmful drugs. Shrooms also showed benefits on cancer-related depression.

    Cancer is the most significant of all potential benefits in psilocybin. 

    The diagnosis itself can cause the most significant stress to an individual. Dr. Charles Grob of the UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine discovered something. He found out superior results in psychedelic mushroom use for cancer-related anxiety.

    The list of benefits proves that shrooms are much more than any addictive drug. Besides, it is best to know why many people share this view on psilocybin mushrooms.

     

    Are Magic Mushrooms Legal In Wisconsin? Anywhere?

    As of today, psilocybin is illegal in Wisconsin, making magic mushrooms unlawful. According to the Controlled Substances Act, psilocybin falls under Substance I drugs. This includes cocaine, LSD, and amphetamines. The law states that it is illegal to cultivate or have these substances. The consequences per state also vary, as stated in the Act.

    gavel with books at the background

    In Wisconsin, the possession of Substance I drugs leads to most of one year in jail and a $5,000 fine. This is only for the first offense. The second offense is a Class I Felony, and the offender is subject to three-and-a-half years in prison. Also, the fine doubles with offenders required to pay $10,000.

    Nonetheless, areas in the US have softened the laws on magic mushrooms and psilocybin. An example is in the state of Oregon. This is the first state to decriminalize and legalize psilocybin for recreational use.

    In Oakland, magic mushrooms are now decriminalized. But it is still considered illegal under state and federal law. Yet, this decriminalization happened due to the benefits that resulted in psilocybin. As a result, some officials were against its use. They suggest observing Denver, who decriminalized it as well.

     

    What Are The Risks of Psilocybin?

    As with any substance, people think that magic mushrooms lead to addiction. But, psilocybin is not addictive, and it does not cause compulsive use either. Also, the substance has low toxicity, and deaths are sporadic.

    As it is commonly known, psilocybin causes a psychedelic effect. Its effects would lead to a physical and emotional straining experience. That said, people would tend to stray from heavy use. Instead, they prefer to take psilocybin at scheduled times. This is to prepare for the side effects it has.

    Another fact about psilocybin is that our body builds up its tolerance to the substance. Individuals who take small doses may need to increase the dosage after only a few days. The body is much like an authority that protects the person from abusing magic mushrooms.

    Much of the side effects and risks depend on the state of the person and their surroundings. Psilocybin carries a few risks indeed. But all these may be reduced by educating oneself before consumption. After all, education is essential to include before trying anything new.

     

    Conclusion

    Magic mushrooms hold many benefits for medicinal use. But most areas of the United States criminalize their possession and use. In due time, decriminalization is a strong possibility. This is with consistent evidence of its benefits for medical and recreational use. It is only a matter of time before legalization is declared. It is only possible once possession is decriminalized.

    Still, potential users and curious first-timers must wait before consuming shrooms in Wisconsin. With this time, people may contribute to its haste legalization. Promoting the benefits of psilocybin in magic mushrooms will surely help.

  • News Update: Magic Mushrooms Seattle

    Magic mushrooms gained a significant amount of attention in areas such as Seattle. Well-funded research has discovered something in magic mushrooms. They saw that it could help patients control different mental illnesses and disorders. This leads many to try and find the best magic mushrooms Seattle has to offer. But, its legality makes it difficult even to own.

    In the US, most areas identify shrooms as addictive. They say that this substance needs to be controlled. The Controlled Substances Act of 1970 outlines the potential drugs and their classifications. Also, the “war on drugs” was another contributing factor leading to its illegality.

    Since then, many states, including Seattle, have followed the law on these substances. These states then held different penalties for offenses. But, some states have changed their view on these “highly addictive” drugs. They have accepted shrooms’ use due to their proven benefits. Unfortunately, Seattle is not one of those places.

    Drug Laws In Seattle

    gavel on top of capsules

    According to the Controlled Substances Act of 1970, drugs are classified into Schedules. These are ranked depending on potential addiction and medical use. But, Washington State relies heavily on the Revised Code of Washington. Thus, their laws on drugs are similar.

    The highest classification according to the law is Schedule 1. These have the highest potential for abuse with no safe and acceptable medical use. Some of the drugs include LSD, Marijuana, Heroin, and psilocybin. Psilocybin is the substance in every magic mushroom, which is why they are illegal.

    As they are high-risk drugs, there are severe consequences if one doesn’t follow the law. For example, manufacturing and distributing Schedule I drugs is a Class C felony. This results in a five-year jail sentence and a $10,000 fine. Likewise, possessing and distributing counterfeit Schedule I drugs is a felony. This then leads to ten years, a $25,000 fine, or possibly both.

    Almost all states share the same laws about magic mushrooms. The only difference is in the sentences and penalties officials give. Yet, some areas softened the rules of drug possession and use.

    Decriminalization of Drugs in Oregon

    dried magic mushrooms

    Oregon was known for its drug use per capita, exceeding the average of the United States in 2006. Most of these substances included hallucinogens and stimulants. Possessing any amount of drugs did lead to a fine and a jail sentence, but this has since changed.

    In the fall of 2021, Measure 110 was passed by Oregon voters. This makes the possession of small amounts of drugs punishable by a civil citation. Fees may also be waived through a health screening from recovery hotlines. This gives room for rehabilitation and treatment.

    Speaking more about rehabilitation and treatment, Oregon voters also approved Measure 109. This measure allows the use of magic mushrooms in specific facilities. This is because of research saying that psilocybin helps with a range of illnesses. The study shows that it benefits from depression to addiction.

    Decriminalization In Other Areas

    Some areas decided to follow in their footsteps. Oregon seems to have started advocacy about the legalization of psychedelic mushrooms. However, these states are only in the earlier stages of legalization.

    Oakland is one of the areas that has decriminalized magic mushrooms. While still illegal, officials decided to push through with this. This is thanks to the research that showed its benefits. Not only that, but they also included other entheogenic plants.

    They found that psilocybin in mushrooms helps with depression. Not only that, but it also helps with anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder. Despite this, some were hesitant about its decriminalization. They wanted to observe Denver and its results first.

    This is a theory that has already been debunked. In 2019, Denver decided to decriminalize psilocybin, and they were the first city to do so. But, officials are indifferent since it could cause addiction. Even so, they decided to experiment with its uses. This is due to the results of well-funded research.

    What About Seattle?

    Unfortunately, despite the proven benefits, magic mushrooms remain illegal in Washington. This also includes Seattle. But, there is a strong possibility that they could legalize these psychedelics.

    According to popular research, marijuana use has many benefits. For one, Washington officials were known for legalizing the recreational use of Marijuana. They allowed the distribution of the plant by licensed dispensaries as well. These results are as reducing anxiety and inflammation.

    By way of research, Seattle lawmakers could soon follow the other cities.

    Conclusion

    Seattle still refers to magic mushrooms as a drug because of the psilocybin present in them. Under the RCW, the possession and consumption of the substance will be penalized. But, it seems that this may not stay this way for long. More and more states and cities are starting to see that mushrooms are not dangerous drugs.

    Much like any law, decriminalization will take some time to do. So, those who wish to try psilocybin in the Seattle area will have to wait until further notice.

  • News Update: Magic Mushrooms in Maryland

    Magic mushrooms became a popular edible recently. It is mainly known for its psychedelic properties as it is classified as a hallucinogen. Magic mushrooms indeed are an essential part of indigenous life. Now, many are starting to see that these aren’t ordinary mushrooms. Recent studies show that magic mushrooms have medicinal and recreational benefits.

    But, another side of society doesn’t see the benefit of taking any magic mushrooms in Maryland. Some people still think magic mushrooms are highly addictive drugs. Others take their beliefs from the controversial “war on drugs” that started in 1971. This prompted officials to believe that shrooms must be controlled according to the law. Yet, this has not stopped certain states from reconsidering.

    Some states turned to research to find out about the true nature of the magic mushroom. As a result, some areas of the US have decided to decriminalize or legalize its use entirely. This is fair considering the positive effects that have already been proven.

    Magic Mushroom Research by Johns Hopkins Medicine

    dried shrooms on two hands

    Magic mushrooms are known for their psychedelic effect on the user. This is all because of a chemical called psilocybin. When taking a magic mushroom, psilocybin handles the side effects. These side effects include nausea, drowsiness, and increased blood pressure. But, research shows that psilocybin causes a significant amount of benefits as well.

    The most famous study came from Johns Hopkins. This was in their Launch Center for Psychedelic Research. Their research involved a small group of adults with significant symptoms of depression. In the study, they were each given two doses of psilocybin. Along with the use of supportive psychotherapy, the results were unexpectedly positive.

    They were able to reduce the depression symptoms in each of their patients significantly. In the case of the patients and their conditions, most showed improvement. Others, on the other hand, achieved remission through the four-week follow-up. They decided to make their research much more specific. This is by taking subjects with different types of depression.

    Researchers took 24 people for the experiment. The researchers gave them tests to determine the seriousness of their depression. The average score was 23, which is under the serious depression type. But, after their standard test, psilocybin lowered the average to 8. This falls under mild depression.

    Along with their depression research, they found out something more about psilocybin. They discovered that depression is only one of the areas that psilocybin can affect. For example, anxiety is a common occurrence in cancer patients. It showed that carrying the weight of the diagnosis is very stressful to them. They saw the reduction of anxiety levels in these patients.

    According to their research, these magic mushrooms can act as an effective antidepressant. These findings challenge both stereotypes from people and the laws made by the state. But, this doesn’t mean that magic mushrooms are free to consume now.

    The Legal State of Psilocybin in Maryland

    gavel and scales on wooden background

    The research shows something positive about magic mushrooms. But it does not excuse the person from following the law. All states, including Maryland, follow the Controlled Substances Act of 1970. This law outlines the different substances and their classes known as Schedules.

    In the US, psilocybin is a Schedule I classification offense. This means that it can cause substance abuse disorder. This means that the substance is highly addictive and illegal. But, in legality and penalties, all states have different laws for them.

    For example, Oregon was the first state to legalize magic mushrooms fully. This is despite the law stating that it is illegal. Other areas of the United States, such as Denver and Oakland, decriminalized possession. The change is because of the research that has come up recently.

    Maryland Psilocybin Possession Laws

    Maryland patterns its laws after the Drug Enforcement Agency. But there are certain things to remember about shrooms and psilocybin in the state. For example, possessing the spores of any mushroom is entirely legal. This applies to psychedelic mushrooms as well because they do not contain psilocybin.

    It is legal to buy, own, and transport these magic mushroom spores in the Old Line State. This may be exciting to recreational users, but the state still limits what they can do with the spores.

    The grey area of the law in Maryland is growing and cultivating magic mushrooms as this is illegal. Possessing the spores is fine, but at the same time, people must also check their mushrooms. Once they are mature enough to develop psilocybin, it is no longer legal.

    Being a hallucinogen, possessing any amount of a controlled substance is a misdemeanor. This leads to a four-year sentence with a $25,000 fine. An excessive amount is considered a felony, leading to more serious consequences. Possession of such substances with the intent of distributing will lead to twenty years in prison with a $20,000 fine.

    What’s Happening Now?

    university of maryland

    The University of Maryland also conducted its research. Similar to Johns Hopkins Medicine, they focused on psilocybin and its effects. Instead of people, Dr. Scott Thompson used mice for his research. They found that in mice, it can still act as an antidepressant. This is even if the psychedelic effects are blocked.

    Natalie Hesselgrave conducted another experiment for the school of medicine. They also used a mouse model of depression. Again, they were placed under stress for several hours in the span of two to three weeks.

    However, it is almost impossible to measure depression in mice. So they used plain and sugar water rewards systems. The idea is that when they get depressed, the preference for sugar water disappears. But, 24 hours after their dose of psilocybin, changes were already showing. The “depressed” mice were able to regain their taste for sugar water.

    Psilocybin works by turning on the brain’s “happy receptor,” called serotonin. Also, one of these receptors handles psychedelic effects. For the experiment, the researchers used ketanserin. This was used to block this receptor to cause stress. But, by using psilocybin, they discovered that the mice turned back to sugar water. This is even without activating the receptor.

    Conclusion

    Maryland follows the laws of the DEA on drugs that make psilocybin illegal. But the state may follow Denver and Oakland’s footsteps. Maryland may reconsider its rules on substance with the use of research. 

    This is an exciting event for magic mushroom users living or visiting the state. But, it will take some time before people can freely use them, like in Oregon. Before people can enjoy growing and eating shrooms, appeals and hearings must happen.

  • News Update: Magic Mushrooms in Louisiana

    For centuries, people and cultures across the globe have used magic mushrooms. These mushrooms are also known as psychedelic mushrooms due to their psychoactive effects. They contain psilocybin and psilocin, which are hallucinogenic compounds. These mushrooms are considered non-toxic because they come from nature, unlike other psychedelics that are artificially made.

    Magic mushrooms have been around for many years. But, they are still considered illegal due to their high potential for abuse. So, lawmakers decided to ban its use in the 1960s.

    Are Magic Mushrooms Illegal in Louisiana?

    In Louisiana, the spore of psilocybin mushrooms is legal. This is because it does not contain psilocybin – the hallucinogenic compound.

    But, here’s the most crucial information. When the spores grow into mushrooms, they start to develop psilocybin or psilocin. And these hallucinogenic substances lead people to experience an altered reality. So they are still deemed illegal under state and federal law.

    Also, magic mushrooms in Louisiana are federal Schedule 1 drugs. These substances are in the same drug schedule as cannabis, heroin, and molly. These psychedelic mushrooms are dangerous for health purposes.

    But, there is something unique in Louisiana drug law. They have placed psilocybin under a specific subset of Schedule I drugs. This subset is “hallucinogenic drugs.” An example of a hallucinogenic drug is LSD (Lysergic Acid Diethylamide). Hallucinogenic drugs will cause a person to experience visual and auditory hallucinations.

    Moreover, it will also result in intensified thoughts, emotions, and senses. When a person ingests magic mushrooms, everything will look, feel and sound different. It will all depend on the effect or the “trip.”

    What are Schedule I Drugs?

    There are five (5) specific drug, substances, and chemical categories. These are also known as schedules.

    The United States Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) categorizes them depending on two factors. First, their acceptable medical use, and second, their dependence potential. And according to them, Schedule I drugs have the following characteristics:

    1. High Potential for Abuse

    People who use Schedule I drugs may develop severe psychological dependence. Magic mushrooms are well-known to alter a person’s state of mind. These mushrooms produce an out of body experience because it contains psilocybin.

    1. No Accepted Medical Treatment Use in the U.S. Currently.

    Several research and clinical trials discovered many benefits of using magic mushrooms. But, there is not enough to prove its medical and therapeutic claims.

    1. Inadequate Safety Measures for Use under Medical Supervision

    Furthermore, there are insufficient safety measures. There are not enough protocols when using these drugs, substances, or chemicals.

    Many consider the current drug scheduling obsolete. And Louisiana is well-known for its tough stance against illegal substances. Especially substances like marijuana, heroin, and ecstasy. The state is still reluctant to address old marijuana laws. So, if you get caught in possession of Schedule I DCS Drugs, three things can happen to you.

    a pair of handcuffs

    First, you will need to pay a fine, ranging between $5,000 to $600,000.

    Second, you can face imprisonment that will last between four to thirty years.

    Or third, you have to do both- pay a fine and serve time.

    For example, if you get caught in possession of 400 grams of Schedule 1 drugs such as magic mushrooms. They need to pay at least a fine of $250,000. Or they might receive a prison sentence of at least fifteen years. Of course, they may also serve both penalties.

    It will all depend on factors such as the quantity of the drug, substance, or chemical found with you. And the intent of possessing the drugs and the site where you were.

    Louisiana law might take a while to decriminalize the use of magic mushrooms, so if you get caught in the cultivation and possession of magic mushrooms. You will get arrested by the police.

    How about in other States?

    In 2019, the laws were still strict on drugs. But, Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez filed legislation on magic mushrooms. This legislation would allow researchers to review the health benefits of magic mushrooms.

    Another critical breakthrough happened in 2020. Denver, Colorado, was the very first city to decriminalize psilocybin. And along with Washington DC, five more cities pursued its decriminalization.

    Finally, in November 2020, the magic mushroom community reached a milestone. Oregon became the first state that legalized psilocybin.

    Now, more states are looking into the decriminalization of psilocybin. And people are becoming interested in knowing about its various health benefits.

    What are the BENEFITS of Consuming Magic Mushrooms?

    Magic mushrooms exist not only for recreational use. These psychedelic mushrooms also have many therapeutic and healing properties. Check the list of benefits below!

    depressed man in a corner
    1. Helps Treat Depression

    New medical studies have shown that the use of psilocybin can help treat depression. According to the Journal of Psychopharmacology, researchers used psychotherapy and psilocybin. This combination helped reduce depressive symptoms in people. Thus, proving that magic mushrooms are effective antidepressants.

    2. Good Palliative Treatment

    Researchers found psychedelic mushrooms to be a good palliative care treatment. Cancer patients suffer from psychological stress and anxiety. The patients took psilocybin instead of their usual drugs. And results showed that their stress levels and pressure decreased.

    Researchers attributed this result to the power of psychedelics. These kinds of substances help induce a spiritual experience. This phenomenon is also known as a “high.”

    woman suffering from headache

    3. Heals and Prevents Cluster Headaches

    Evidence suggests magic mushrooms help cure cluster headaches. Patients reported remission after using magic mushrooms. Recreational psychedelics such as psilocybin and LSD also had the same results.

    4. Reduced Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Symptoms

    Some patients do not respond to conventional drug therapy. One example is serotonin reuptake (SRI) drug therapy. But, these patients reacted well when they used magic mushrooms. Because psilocybin helped reduce their symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

    5. An Excellent Option for Smoking Cessation

    Magic mushrooms are also effective in helping people quit smoking tobacco. According to the results of the research, psilocybin had an 80% success rate. Conventional smoking cessation approaches only had a 35% success rate. Thus, the success rate of psilocybin was way higher.

    The success of traditional smoking cessation instruments is low. It’s nowhere near half of the result of using psilocybin.

    Conclusion

    As of 2021, we have seen a growing number of people who are now aware of the medical benefits of magic mushrooms. And more of them are starting to gain interest in knowing more about what this type of mushroom can offer them. And as a result, researchers and advocates continue to search for its benefits.

    Furthermore, more lawmakers are beginning to look at the decriminalization of psilocybin. So with a little more help from science and technology, there is a high chance for change.

    But until that day comes, where there is no stigma against the use of magic mushrooms. The best thing we can do is wait. We could also do our part by helping the world see the many benefits of magic mushrooms. But since psilocybin and psilocin are compounds classified as Schedule I drugs.

    Magic mushrooms are still illegal in Louisiana, like all other states. So, to avoid having an unwanted encounter with the police. You may want to hold off on getting your hands into mushrooms that contain psilocybin.

  • News Update: Magic Mushrooms in Kentucky

    Over the last decade or so, there has been much progress in the study of psilocybin. Psilocybin has come a long way. From being a mere drug to have possible use in medicine. 

    Despite this wave of progress, several states in the USA still view it negatively. Kentucky, for example, has very harsh penalties when it comes to drug-related offenses. Instead of helping someone with their drug problem, they punish them unnecessarily. 

    This spells a problem to many, especially those who use it therapeutically. But one can’t deny psilocybin’s potential when put to good use. The research and studies showed tremendous progress for this substance. So, you can’t rule out the possibility that a state like Kentucky could change its stance on this.

    Are Psilocybin Mushrooms Legal in Kentucky?

    magic mushrooms in a test tube

    Kentucky law, like the majority of the US, views psilocybin as illegal. Specifically, this means that mature forms of mushrooms containing psilocybin are deemed unlawful.

    However, while the mushrooms themselves are illegal to have, the spores of shrooms are not. This means that it’s completely legal to buy and to have spores of shrooms in your possession.

    Spores don’t have psilocybin yet when compared to mature shrooms. This is why the spores are considered legal. However, any efforts to cultivate them into fully grown psilocybin mushrooms is unlawful. This is because this form already has the psychoactive substance in it.

    Kentucky specific psilocybin law

    At present, the state of Kentucky doesn’t have any specific laws concerning psilocybin. Instead, they follow the classifications and regulations. The federal Controlled Substances Act strictly implements these. In line with this, substances such as psilocybin are under Schedule 1 drugs in Kentucky.

    According to the Act, Schedule 1 drugs do not have any accepted uses in the medical field and have a high risk for abuse. If found in possession, this will result in legal repercussions and penalties.

    Penalties for Schedule 1 Possession in Kentucky

    hands in cuffs holding a pocket watch

    An offense of possession will need you to have the controlled substance in your custody. Unfortunately, these charges are not so straightforward. These will still depend on the drug in your possession. The number of times you have committed this offense will also come into play. 

     For possession of psilocybin, you will be charged with possession in the first degree. The consequence will also depend on the number of times you’ve committed it.

    For your first offense, you will be charged with a Class D felony. This means you will have to serve jail time of 1 to 5 years.

    If you commit this offense again, you will then be charged with a Class C felony. The corresponding consequence to that would be a jail sentence of 5 to 10 years.

    However, these charges are subject to modification under certain conditions. You may, for example, go for a plea bargain and get a lesser sentence or opt for probation. This depends entirely on the case you present and the legal assistance that you get.

    Whatever the case, these penalties for the possession of psilocybin seem somewhat confusing. You can attribute that to not having any psilocybin-specific laws. These penalties and consequences seem a little out of proportion. This is only for possession of a drug with possible therapeutic benefits. 

    Unfortunately, these are the current laws that Kentucky has. This is not only with psilocybin but with other similarly classified drugs.

    Why Psilocybin Mushrooms

    Despite the laws on psychedelic mushrooms in Kentucky, science and research continue. This is to show that these mushrooms do more harm than good. Their benefits in the field of medicine have become more evident over the past few years.

    Magic mushrooms have been around for more than a millennia. Ancient people such as the Aztecs used them to communicate with higher powers. Aside from this purpose, they also used shrooms to connect with nature.

    In the ’60s and ’70s, people still used these mushrooms. They use it for religious and spiritual experiences. But, they also saw a new purpose for it: introspection. People saw that shrooms could help them better understand themselves. Then, some saw the potential shrooms had for what is now known as psychedelic trips. But, unfortunately, the war on drugs of the ’70s put a stop to its use.

    But, magic mushrooms have emerged again recently. Shrooms became a subject of research in medicine. So far, research has uncovered a better understanding of its effects on the brain. Specifically, psilocybin has the potential to treat people with mental illnesses. It can also be used as a palliative care treatment.

    For example, the NYU Psilocybin Cancer Anxiety Study made a study. They showed that giving terminally ill cancer patients psilocybin helped decrease their anxiety. In addition, psilocybin helped them become more open and accepting of their conditions. This reduced any cancer-related stress they experienced beforehand.

    Psilocybin also has the potential to be a treatment for depression. Studies revealed similar effects of antidepressants and psilocybin. It showed that it has the same effects on the brains of depressed patients. Psilocybin even has more lasting effects compared to other medications. This can help revolutionize the way mental illnesses are treated.

    Moving Forward

    Right now, it seems that Kentucky’s stance will not change on psilocybin. However, other states in the US have seen more progress in this matter. 

    Denver, Washington DC, and Oakland are all places that have decriminalized mushrooms. On the other hand, Oregon took an extra step. The state decided to legalize the use of psilocybin for therapeutic purposes. All these progressive steps results are from research. This convinced people that this psychedelic can do more good than bad.

    This may seem like a small win, but it’s a win nonetheless. Even something like cannabis took some time until it became decriminalized and legalized. Following that logic, it’s only a matter of time before things get moving for psilocybin. With the research continuing, psilocybin’s eventual acceptance is not far from happening.

    Conclusion

    Right now, “magic mushrooms Kentucky” may not go well together in terms of drug policies. But there’s still hope for Kentucky to take a progressive step with psilocybin.

    The state’s present laws on this substance may seem like they’re out of proportion, in which they are. Eventually, the USA would accept psilocybin. This is possible as they have already received the benefits of cannabis. Psilocybin is not far from following suit. 

    It’s hard to deny that there’s some good in these psychedelic mushrooms. It may still take a while compared to other states, especially with Kentucky. But you could say it’s bound to happen. The current research continues to point out the medical benefits that psilocybin has. This is thanks to the findings backed by science!

    Eventually, psilocybin’s legalization will happen! This will be possible by supporting the research and lobbying for its decriminalization. But, until any changes happen, the people of Kentucky will have to wait. However, they can still do their part! This is in helping their state become more progressive with this substance. 

  • News Update: Magic Mushrooms in Maine

    Magic mushrooms in Maine became a topic of discussion. Research showed that shrooms could be a source of tons of benefits. This is despite the fact that people still view it as dangerous. With these benefits, legislation now knows why these were used for thousands of years. Even so, certain events led to the way people look at them today.

    During the 1970s, the Controlled Substances Act was a law that passed to support the “drug war.” The law implied that the biggest threat to humankind is using these drugs. This is so as they could destroy the users’ lives. Due to this, all states based their laws and sentences on the act, including Maine.

    The Maine Criminal Code On Psilocybin

    Usually, all areas of the US pattern their drug laws after the Controlled Substances Act of 1970. This means that they also classify specific drugs into Schedule I, II, III, and IV, ending up in the same groups. But, Maine’s laws on substances are different from the rest of the country.

    law books in a row

    When it comes to drugs, the Pine Tree State follows the Maine Criminal Code. The code classifies drugs into Schedule W, X, Y, and Z, which works the same way. Schedule W is an example. This includes harmful drugs such as cocaine, oxycodone, heroin, and methamphetamine. Being the most dangerous of them all, they are illegal.

    As for hallucinogens, it is classified as Schedule X drugs. These are the second-most dangerous drugs out of the four classes. One of the hallucinogens includes psilocybin, a substance commonly found in magic mushrooms. Magic mushrooms are illegal as they are deemed hazardous substances. These also carry sentences when found in possession.

    For example, possession of a Schedule X drug alone is a Class D crime, and this has a minimum sentence of a $400 fine. However, the maximum penalty is a $2,000 fine and 364 days in jail. This will then depend on the judge. The decision of the judge will give on what sentence the person deserves.

    Psilocybin Spores In Maine

    In most parts of the US, including Maine, spores of shrooms are legal. This is surprising as fully-grown shrooms are not. The reason for this is that magic mushrooms do not contain psilocybin as spores. Instead, the spores only have the potential to develop psilocybin.

    The law states that psilocybin is an illegal substance. But a spore does not contain any of this substance; hence it is legal. Thus, this seems like a loophole for people to grow and use the magic mushroom spores in the future. However, there are some limitations according to Maine’s laws.

    In simple terms, magic mushroom spores are legal to buy and sell, but they must not get to the germination stage. Germination is when seeds and spores start to sprout and grow because of the water they absorb. When this happens, they may begin to develop psilocybin in their bodies. This makes growing the spores illegal.

    But, in most areas of the United States, it is legal to buy and sell magic mushroom spores. This is only for “research or educational purposes.” That means one should buy spores for them to study and identify them. This implies that only scientists and licensed researchers may buy them. Also, it is open to any person of legal age.

    In short, if you buy magic mushroom spores, make sure that they stay spores.

    Magic Mushrooms For Psilocybin Therapy

    Some states are changing their view on psilocybin. This is despite the legal implications of possessing and cultivating shrooms. Areas such as Oakland and Denver decided to decriminalize these offenses. Also, the State of Oregon agreed to legalize the substance fully. Thanks to the research backing it up.

    a shroom alone in the forest

    Depression

    According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, the substance helps patients with major depression. The study in psilocybin showed tremendous benefits. In psychotherapy, they offered two doses of psilocybin. It showed that it had rapid reductions in depressive symptoms. In addition to this, half of the patients were in remission after four weeks. This therapeutic discovery was the start of the research on psilocybin.

    More studies have taken place since. They discovered that psilocybin is not only limited to depression.

    Addiction

    Psilocybin is commonly thought of as a drug by people. Being a drug, people also feel that these are highly addictive substances they must avoid. But the same institution that started psilocybin research found other benefits. It was found to work with people with alcoholism, smoking, and cocaine addictions.

    Dr. Matthew Johnson headlined the research. It showed that 80% and 60% who quit smoking change their behavior. These patients were actively abstaining from nicotine for 16 months later. He then argued that psilocybin could reduce cravings and withdrawals. This is done with the help of the psychology of addiction.

     

    Cancer-related Anxiety

    Cancer is one of the most severe illnesses to exist, and it causes the deaths of many people around the world. People can only imagine the amount of stress that a cancer diagnosis causes.

    In UCLA, the David Geffen School of Medicine found another benefit for psilocybin. This can be used for people diagnosed with advanced-stage cancer. The research showed that it could reduce their anxiety using psilocybin.

    The Push To Legalize Psilocybin

    As stated before, psilocybin remains illegal in the Lumber State. However, this may soon change judging by the actions of the other states. Oregon legalized the substance for recreational and medicinal use. Right now, Oregon has become the only state to do so. Measure 109 was the bill responsible for the change in the law.

    Other areas such as Oakland and Denver decriminalized it. Between the two, Denver leads with the movement. Iowa lawmaker Jeff Shipley proposed two bills involving psilocybin. The first removes psilocybin from controlled substances. The second bill pushes for its medical use.

    Maine Legislation

    In Maine, Sen. Donna Bailey is pushing for The Maine Psilocybin Services Act. This allows people to buy psilocybin products legally. This is, of course, for those who are of legal age. Also, a “psilocybin service facilitator” must be present when consuming shrooms.

    illegal and legal paper

    This bill will help Mainers buy psilocybin products. This will also let them grow their shrooms without breaking the law. The government will take from it a tax of 15% of the retail sale price. Besides this, they ensure a long-term availability plan. This will make Psilocybin-based products available to all Mainers.

    The Department of Health and Human Services will be taking part. They will be arranging specific rules around magic mushrooms and psilocybin products. Furthermore, a Psilocybin Advisory Board consisting of experts will be formed. They are responsible for advice and recommendations regarding psilocybin.

    Similar to Oregon, a petition by Bailey was made. Thanks to the research showing psilocybin’s possible uses. This can both be beneficial for recreational and medical uses. The entire bill was based on the current laws of Oregon regarding Psilocybin.

    Conclusion

    As of today, psilocybin is listed as a Schedule X substance which means it is illegal. Consequently, this would make magic mushrooms that contain psilocybin illegal. However, based on recent events, officials may soon legalize magic mushrooms in Maine.

    Maine legislators are starting to look at psilocybin differently. They are beginning to see that these are not the addictive drugs most people know them as. Instead, they hold potential. These substances could be used for their benefit. Research, on the other hand, can unlock its potential. But, of course, Mainers will have to wait until they are legalized before they consume them.

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