Psilocybe is from a Greek word that means bare-headed due to the loose skin over its cap. These are mushrooms that look like the typical brown ones. There are over a hundred species of Psilocybe in the world, and most of them contain Psychedelic compounds like Psilocybin and Psilocin. They are also commonly referred to as magic mushrooms because of the out-of-this-world experiences they deliver to a person taking them. These are the most common ones globally, with their distinctive characteristics, flavors, and trip.
The Psilocybe Semilanceata are commonly known as Liberty caps because of their large conical bell-shaped cap and dainty slender stems. They are popular worldwide because of how potent they are, mostly found in wooded areas and grassy knolls. Liberty caps are friendly mushrooms or social mushrooms because it causes a person to become emphatic. People on Liberty caps become chatty and feel joyful with bouts of uncontrollable laughter. They are not known to produce intense hallucinations, but they can direct a person to have deeper insights. They can be chewed on an empty stomach, although it does not have a pleasant taste.
Blue Ringer Mushroom
The Blue Ringer mushroom is a Psilocybe Stuntuzii or Stuntz’s blue legs, named after the person who made its discovery. They are the rare species that grow on the west coast of America and Canada. The mushroom has a bluing reaction when handled, so it was called blue legs or blue ringer. These species like to live in wood and prefer decaying debris and other wooden chips in grassy areas like lawns, paths, and gardens. When it comes to being psychoactive, they have weak and moderate effects. The blue ringer also looks similar to a toxic kind of mushroom, and it is advised not to ingest anything without proper identification because it can be harmful.
Blue Foot Mushroom
The Psilocybe caerulipes, or Blue Foot Mushroom, is a rare mushroom that grows in America. They are found in decaying hardwood logs near rivers. They can fruit in the same area for years, but it is not easy to find them frequently. The best time for them to grow is during warm summers and after rainfalls. Their name is attributed to the blue hue at the foot of their stems. They induce a moderate trip, although they could potentially become intense, so it is essential to take the initial dose in small quantities first. It is safe to start with a dosage of three grams before going for a more potent dose for a headier experience.
The Psilocybe Mexicana is one of the psilocybe species that has been used for ceremonial purposes. They grow mostly in Central and South America and are also called teonanacatl. They are a solitary species and grow in small groups with other mosses along roadsides, humid meadows, and grassy areas. These mushrooms were consumed by indigenous people for their entheogenic effects and utilized in rituals to increase mood, consciousness, behavior, and other alterations.
The Psilocybe Cyanescens is called Wavy caps of its appearance. They can be traced to be used as far as the early Egyptian civilizations during religious ceremonies because of their psychoactive properties. They can grow in various parts around the world and are also known to deliver potent psychedelic effects. The wave-like shape of its cap is the hallmark of this mushroom along with its color orange-brown hue. However, it can turn into a tan-brown when dried out. The stems are covered by silvery fibers and turn blue-green when bruised or touched. This is also a mood enhancer and can ignite feelings of happiness and relaxation for anxiety in an anxious person.
Flying Saucer Mushroom
The Psilocybe azurescens or the Flying Saucer Mushroom is the most potent psilocybin mushroom because it has the highest concentration of psychoactive chemicals. They naturally grow in a small area of the west coast of the US. The shape of its cap is similar to a UFO. They like cold weather and grow on hardwood chips and seagrass. Because of its concentration, they often produce intense hallucinations with only a single gram. The species is known to be very adaptive in different environments.
Having a good knowledge of these different Psilocybe species can help with the identification of mushrooms around us. They can grow in various parts of the world and can have different appearances. This is important because there are species that are toxic and dangerous to people’s health. These should be used mainly for recreational and spiritual purposes in moderation. Safety and precaution are always to top priority.